Skip to content Skip to navigation

Article: The cranium of Proviverra typica (Mammalia, Hyaenodonta) and its impact on hyaenodont phylogeny and endocranial evolution

Palaeontology - Vol. 62 Part 6 - Cover Image
Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 62
Part: 6
Publication Date: November 2019
Page(s): 983 1001
Author(s): Morgane Dubied, Floréal Solé, and Bastien Mennecart
Addition Information

How to Cite

DUBIED, M., SOLé, F., MENNECART, B. 2019. . Palaeontology, 62, 6, 983-1001. DOI: /doi/10.1111/pala.12437

Author Information

  • Morgane Dubied - Biogéosciences UMR 6282 CNRS Université de Bourgogne 6 Boulevard Gabriel 21000 Dijon France
  • Morgane Dubied - Natural History Museum Basel Augustinergasse 2 4001 Basel Switzerland
  • Floréal Solé - Directorate Earth & History of Life Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences Rue Vautier 29 B–1000 Brussels Belgium
  • Bastien Mennecart - Natural History Museum Basel Augustinergasse 2 4001 Basel Switzerland
  • Bastien Mennecart - Natural History Museum Vienna Burgring 7 1010 Vienna Austria

Publication History

  • Issue published online: 18 October 2019
  • Manuscript Accepted: 29 April 2019
  • Manuscript Received: 07 November 2018

Funded By

Federaal Wetenschapsbeleid. Grant Number: BR/175/PI/CARNAGES
Swiss National Science Foundation. Grant Numbers: P300P2_161065, P3P3P2_161066

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
Get Article: Wiley Online Library [Pay-to-View Access] |


We describe the first endocast reconstruction of a hyaenodont mammal based on X‐ray microtomography. The endocast belongs to the type material of the European hyaenodont Proviverra typica. We performed phylogenetic analysis to contextualize the evolution of endocranial size and complexity in Hyaenodonta. We added several European hyaenodonts and modified several codings of the most recent character–taxon matrix established to question the relationships within Hyaenodonta. Including these new species in a phylogenetic analysis reveals a new clade: Hyaenodontoidea. Comparisons with several previously described endocasts show that there was an increase in complexity in the convolutions of the encephalon within Hyaenodontidae history. Moreover, the analysis of the encephalization quotient reveals that the endocranium of the Hyaenodonta is not smaller than those of fossil Carnivora or some extant Carnivora. Therefore, the extinction of Hyaenodonta may not be linked to the relative size of hyaenodont brains.

PalAss Go! URL: | Twitter: Share on Twitter | Facebook: Share on Facebook | Google+: Share on Google+