Skip to content Skip to navigation

Article: An appraisal of the fossil record for the Cirolanidae (Malacostraca: Peracarida: Isopoda: Cymothoida), with a description of a new cirolanid isopod crustacean from the early Miocene of the Vienna Basin (Western Carpathians)

Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 56
Part: 3
Publication Date: May 2013
Page(s): 615 630
Author(s): Matúš Hyžný, Niel L. Bruce and Ján Schlögl
Addition Information

How to Cite

HYN, M., BRUCE, N. L., SCHLGL, J. 2013. An appraisal of the fossil record for the Cirolanidae (Malacostraca: Peracarida: Isopoda: Cymothoida), with a description of a new cirolanid isopod crustacean from the early Miocene of the Vienna Basin (Western Carpathians). Palaeontology56, 3, 615–630.

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
Get Article: Wiley Online Library [Pay-to-View Access] |


  • AHYONG, S. T., LOWRY, J. K., ALONSO, M., BAMBER, R. N., BOXSHALL, G. A., CASTRO, P., GERKEN, S., KARAMAN, G. S., GOY, J. W., JONES, D. S., MELAND, K., ROGERS, D. C. H. and SVAVARSSON, J.2011. Subphylum Crustacea Brünnich, 1772. InZHANG, Z.-Q. (ed.). Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148, 165–191.
  • Anonymous1992. Opinion 1668. Bathynomus A. Milne Edwards, 1879 (Crustacea, Isopoda): given precedence of Palaega Woodward, 1870. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 49 (1), 86–87.
  • BACHMAYER, F.1947. Zwei neue Asseln aus dem Torton von Deutsch-Altenburg, Hundsheimer Berg (Niederösterreich). Sitzungsberichten der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, mathematisch.-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Abteilung I, 156, 363–369.
  • BACHMAYER, F.1953a. Die Dekapodenfauna des tortonischen Leithakalkes von Deutsch-Altenburg (Niederösterreich). Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 44, 237–262.
  • BACHMAYER, F.1953b. Goneplax gulderi, eine neue Crustaceen-Species aus dem tortonischen Tegel des Wiener-Beckens. Palontologische Zeitschrift, 27, 143–145.
  • BACHMAYER, F.1954. Zwei bemerkenswerte Crustaceen-Funde aus dem Jungtertir des Wiener Beckens. Sitzungsberichte der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse I, 163, 63–70.
  • BACHMAYER, F.1962. Die Calappiden (Crustacea, Decapoda) aus den tortonischen Ablagerungen des Wiener Beckens. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 65, 39–46.
  • BACHMAYER, F. and KÜPPER, K.1952. Eine bemerkenswerte Krabbe aus dem Badener Tegel (Torton) von Sooß im Wiener Becken. Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 1952, 1–6.
  • BACHMAYER, F. and TOLLMANN, A.1953. Die Crustaceen-Fauna aus dem tortonischen Leithakalk (Steinbrüche der Firma Fenk) bei Groß-Höflein im Burgenland. Kober-Festschrift 1953, Skizzen zum Antlitz der Erde. Geologische Arbeiten, herausgegeben aus Anlaβ des 70. Geburtstages von Prof. Dr. L. Kober, Universitt Wien , Gesellschaftsbuchdruckerei Brüder Hollinek, Wien, 308–314.
  • BASSO, D. and TINTORI, A.1994. New Triassic isopod crustaceans from northern Italy. Palaeontology, 37, 801–810.
  • BERGGREN, W. A., KENT, D. V., SWISHER, C. C. III and AUBRY, M.-P.1995. A revised Cenozoic geochronology and chronostratigraphy. SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Special Publication, 54, 129–212.
  • BOWMAN, T. E.1971. Palaega lamnae, new species (Crustacea: Isopoda) from the upper Cretaceous of Texas. Journal of Paleontology, 45, 540–541.
  • BOWMAN, T. E.1975. A new genus and species of troglobitic cirolanid isopod from San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Occasional Papers, The Museum Texas Tech. University, 27, 1–7.
  • BRANDT, A. and POORE, G. C. B.2003. Higher classification of the flabelliferan and related Isopoda based on a reappraisal of relationships. Invertebrate Systematics, 17, 893–923.
  • BRANDT, A., CRAME, J. A., POLZ, H. and THOMSON, R. A.1999. Late Jurassic Tethyan ancestry of recent southern high-latitude marine isopods (Crustacea, Malacostraca). Palaeontology, 42, 663–675.
  • BRUCE, N. L.1981. The Cirolanidae (Crustacea: Isopoda) of Australia: new species and a new genus from southeastern Australia. Records of the Australian Museum, 33, 644–672.
  • BRUCE, N. L.1984. A new family for the isopod crustacean genus Tridentella Richardson, 1905, with description of a new species from Fiji. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 80, 447–455.
  • BRUCE, N. L.1986. Cirolanidae (Crustacea: Isopoda) of Australia. Records of the Australian Museum, 6 (Suppl), 1–239.
  • BRUCE, N. L.1996. Aega komai, a new species of marine isopod crustacean (Aegidae: Flabellifera) from Japan. Crustacean Research, 25, 129–136.
  • BRUCE, N. L.2004. New species of the Cirolanaparva-group’ (Crustacea: Isopoda: Cirolanidae) from coastal habitats around New Zealand. Species Diversity, 9, 47–66.
  • BRUCE, N. L.2009. The marine fauna of New Zealand: Isopoda, Aegidae (Crustacea). NIWA Biodiversity Memoir, 122, 1–252.
  • BRUCE, N. L. and SVAVARSSON, J.2003. A new genus and species of cirolanid isopod (Crustacea) from Zanzibar, Tanzania, Western Indian Ocean. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 44 (1), 1–12.
  • BRUSCA, R. C., WETZER, R. and FRANCE, S. C.1995. Cirolanidae (Crustacea: Isopoda: Flabellifera) of the tropical eastern Pacific. Proceedings of the San Diego Natural History Museum, 30, 1–96.
  • BRUSCA, R. C., COELHO, V. R. and TAITI, S.2007. Isopoda. 503–542. InCARLTON, J. T. (ed). The light and Smith Manual: Intertidal Invertebrates from Central California to Oregon, Fourth edition. University of California Press, Berkeley, xvii, 1001 pp.
  • CARTER, J.1889. On fossil isopods, with a description of a new species. Geological Magazine NS3, 6, 193–196.
  • DALLWITZ, M. J., PAINE, T. A. and ZURCHER, E. J.1997. . User’s guide to the DELTA system. A general system for processing taxonomic descriptions. 4.08. CSIRO Division of Entomology, Canberra, 160 pp.
  • DANA, J. D.1852. On the Classification of the Crustacea Choristopoda or Tetradecapoda. American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series, 14, 297–316.
  • DE ANGELI, A. and LOVATO, A.2009. Sphaeroma gasparellai n. sp. (Isopoda, Flabellifera, Sphaeromatidae), nuova specie di isopode dell’eocene superiore dei Monti Berici (Italia settentrionale). Lavori – Società Veneziana di Scienze Naturali, 34, 101–104.
  • DE ANGELI, A. and ROSSI, A.2006. Crostacei Oligocenici di Perarolo (Vicenza – Italia settentrionale), con la descrizione di una nuova specie di Mysida e di Isopoda. Lavori, Società Veneziana di Scienze Naturali, 31, 85–93.
  • DELANEY, P. M.1989. Phylogeny and biogeography of the marine isopod family Corallanidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Flabellifera). Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 409, 1–75.
  • Von EICHWALD, E.1863. Beitrag zur nhern Kentniss der in meiner Lethea Rossica beschriebenen Illaenen un über einige Isopoden aus andern Formationen Russlands. Bulletin de la Société impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou, 36, 372–423.
  • FELDMANN, R. M.2009. A new cirolanid isopod (Crustacea) from the Cretaceous of Lebanon: dermoliths document the pre-molt condition. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 29, 373–378.
  • FELDMANN, R. M. and GOOLAERTS, S.2005. Palaega rugosa, a new species of fossil isopod (Crustacea) from Maastrichtian rocks of Tunisia. Journal of Paleontology, 79, 1031–1035.
  • FELDMANN, R. M. and RUST, S.2006. Palaega kakatahi n. sp.: the first record of a marine fossil isopod from the Pliocene of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 49, 411–415.
  • FELDMANN, R. M., WIEDER, R. W. and ROLFE, W. D. I.1994. Urda mccoyi (1889), an isopod crustacean from the Jurassic of Skye. Scottish Journal of Geology, 30, 87–89.
  • FELDMANN, R. M., VEGA, F. J., APPLEGATE, S. P. and BISHOP, G. A.1998. Early Cretaceous arthropods from the Tlayúa Formation at Tepexi de Rodríguez, Puebla, Mexico. Journal of Paleontology, 72, 79–90.
  • FELDMANN, R. M., SCHWEITZER, C. E., MAXWELL, P. A. and KELLEY, B. M.2008. Fossil isopod and decapod crustaceans from the Kowai Formation (Pliocene) near Makikihi, South Canterbury, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, 51, 43–58.
  • GLAESSNER, M. F.1928. Die Dekapodenfauna des österreichischen Jungtertirs. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 78, 161–219.
  • GUINOT, D., WILSON, G. D. F. and SCHRAM, F. R.2005. Jurassic isopod (Malacostraca: Peracarida) from Ranville, Normandy, France. Journal of Paleontology, 79, 954–960.
  • HALE, H. M.1925. Review of Australian isopods of the cymothoid group. Part I. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 49, 128–185.
  • HANSEN, H. J.1890. Cirolanidae et familiae nonnulae propinquae Musei Hauniensis. Konelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskat, Naturvidenskabelige Matematiske Afhandlinger, 6, 237–426.
  • HANSEN, H. J.1905. Revision of the European forms of the Cirolaninae, a subfamily of Crustacea Isopoda. Journal of the Linnean Society (Zoology), 29, 337–373.
  • HANSEN, T. and HANSEN, J.2010. First fossils of the isopod genus Aega Leach, 1815. Journal of Paleontology, 84, 141–147.
  • HARZHAUSER, M. and SCHLÖGL, J.2012. Lepadiform and scalpeliform barnacles from the Oligocene and Miocene of the Paratethys Sea. Palaeontology, 55, 923–936.
  • HARZHAUSER, M., KROH, A., MANDIC, O., PILLER, W. E., GÖHLICH, U., REUTER, M. and BERNING, B.2007. Biogeographic responses to geodynamics: a key study all around the Oligo-Miocene Tethyan Seaway. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 246, 241–256.
  • HARZHAUSER, M., MANDIC, O. and SCHLÖGL, J.2011. A late Burdigalian bathyal mollusc fauna from the Vienna Basin (Slovak Republic, Karpatian). Geologica Carpathica, 62 (3), 211–231.
  • HESSLER, R. R.1969. Peracarida. R360–R393. InMOORE, R. C. (ed.). Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part R, Arthropoda 4. Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas, xxxvi, 651 pp.
  • HOHENEGGER, J.2005. Estimation of environmental paleogradient values based on presence/absence data: a case study using benthic foraminifera for paleodepth estimation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 217, 115–130.
  • HSÜ, K. J., MONTADERT, L., BERNOULLI, D., CITA, M. B., ERICKSON, A., GARRISON, R. E., KIDD, R. B., MÉLIÈRES, F., MÜLLER, C. and WRIGHT, R.1978. History of the Mediterranean Salinity Crisis. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 42, 1053–1078.
  • HYŽNÝ, M. and SCHLÖGL, J.2011. An early Miocene deep-water decapod crustacean faunule from the Vienna basin (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Palaeontology, 54, 323–349.
  • IMAIZUMI, R.1973. Neogene Crustacea from the vicinity of Kanazawa, Ishikawa Pref. InMinato, M., Ohmari, M., Mizuno, T. and Ohata, I. (eds). Atlas of Japanese fossils. Tsukiji Shokan Publishing Co. Ltd., Tokyo, 17: Q20, 4:N7.
  • KARASAWA, H., NOBUHARA, T. and MATSUOKA, K.1992. Fossil and living species of the giant isopod genus Palaega Woodward, 1870 of Japan. Science Reports of the Toyohashi Museum of Natural History, 2, 1–12.
  • KARASAWA, H., SUZUKI, A. and KATO, H.1995. Bathynomus undecemspinosus (Karasawa, Nobuhara & Matsuoka) (Crustacea, Isopoda) from the Miocene Hidarimatagawa Formation of southwestern Hokkaido, Japan. Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum, 22, 121–125.
  • KARASAWA, H., OHARA, M. and KATO, H.2008. New records for Crustacea from the Arida Formation (Lower Cretaceous, Barremian) of Japan. Boletín de la Sociadad Geológica Mexicana, 60 (1), 101–110.
  • KEABLE, S. J.2006. Taxonomic revision of Natatolana (Crustacea: Isopoda: Cirolanidae). Records of the Australian Museum, 58, 133–244.
  • KENSLEY, B. and SCHOTTE, M.1989. Guide to the Marine Isopod Crustaceans of the Caribbean. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC & London, 308 pp.
  • KOVÁČ, M.2000. Geodynamic, paleogeographic and structural evolution of Carpathian-Panonian region during the Miocene: new view on Neogene basins in Slovakia. Veda, Bratislava, 202 pp. [in Slovak].
  • KUNTH, A.1870. Ueber weing bekannte Crustaceen von Solenhofen. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesselschaft, 22, 771–802.
  • LATREILLE, P. A.180203. Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes. Dufart, Paris, 468 pp.
  • LATREILLE, P. A.1817. Les crustacés, les arachnides et les insectes. InCUVIER, G. (ed.). Le règne animal distribué d’après son organisation, pour servir de base à l’histoire naturelle des animaux et d’introduction à l’anatomie comparée. First edition, Volume 3, Deterville, Paris, 653 pp.
  • LATREILLE, P. A.1825. Families naturelles du règne animal, exposées succinctement et dans un ordre analytique, avec l’indication de leurs genres. J.B. Baillière, Paris, 570 pp.
  • LEACH, W. E.1814. Crustaceology. 383–437. InBREWSTER, D. (ed.). The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia. Baldwin, London, 437 pp.
  • LEACH, W. E.1818. Cymothoadées, Cymothoadæ. (Crust.). 338–354. InCUVIER, F. (ed.). Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles, dans lequel on traite Méthodiquement des Différens êtres de la Nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d’après l’état actuel de nos connaissances, soit relativement a l’utilité qu’en peuvent retirer la Médecine, l’Agriculture, le Commerce et les Arts. Suivi d’une biographie des plus Célèbres Naturalistes. Ouvrage destiné aux médecins, aux agriculteurs, aux commerçans, aux artistes, aux manufacturiers, et à tous ceux qui ont intérêt à connoître les productions de la nature, leurs caractères génériques et spécifiques, leur lieu natal, leurs propiétés et leurs usages, Vol. 12. F.G. Levrault et Le Normant, Strasbourg et Paris, 564 pp.
  • LOWRY, J. K. and DEMPSEY, K.2006. The giant deep-sea scavenger genus Bathynomus (Crustacea, Isopoda, Cirolanidae) in the Indo-West Pacific. InRICHER DE FORGES, B. and JUSTINE, J.-L. (eds). Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, Vol. 24. Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 193, 163–192.
  • MARTIN, J. W. and KUCK, H. G.1990. Bathynomus A. Milne Edwards, 1879 (Crustacea, Isopoda): proposed precedence over Palaega Woodward, 1870. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 47, 27–28.
  • MARTINS-NETO, R. G.2001. Review of some Crustacea (Isopoda and Decapoda) from Brazilian deposits (Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic) with descriptions of new taxa. Acta Geologica Leopoldensia, 24 (52/53), 237–254.
  • MEZZALIRA, S. and MARTINS-NETO, R. G.1992. Novos crustáceos paleozóicos do estado de São paolo, com descrição de novos taxa. Acta Geologica Leopoldensia, 15 (36), 49–66.
  • MILNE-EDWARDS, A.1879. Sur un isopode gigantesque des grandes profondeurs de la mer. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences, 88, 21–23.
  • MONOD, T.1926. Les Gnathiidae: essai monographique (morphologie, biologie, systématique). Mémoires de la Societé des Sciences Naturelles du Maroc., 13, 1–668.
  • MONOD, T.1930. Contribution a l’étude des Cirolanidae. Annales des Sciences Naturelles Zoologie, 13, 129–183.
  • MÜNSTER, G.1840. Ueber einige Isopoden in den Kalkschiefern von Bayern. Beitrge zur Petrefactenkunde, 3 (Pt), 19–23.
  • OBATA, K. and OMORI, M.1993. Fossil Bathynomus from the Lower Miocene Nenokami Sandstone formation in the Chichibu Basin, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the Saitama Museum of Natural History, 11, 57–64.
  • OLSSON, R. K.1964. Praeorbulina Olsson, a new foraminiferal genus. Journal of Paleontology, 38, 770–771.
  • PAPP, A. and TURNOVSKY, K.1953. Die Entwicklung der Uvigerinen im Vindobon (Helvet und Torton) des Wiener Beckens. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 96, 117–142.
  • PILLER, W. E., HARZHAUSER, M. and MANDIC, O.2007. Miocene Central Paratethys stratigraphy – current status and future directions. Stratigraphy, 4, 151–168.
  • POLZ, H.2005. Zwei neue Asselarten (Crustacea: Isopoda: Scutocoxifera) aus den Plattenkalken von Brunn (Oberkimmeridgium, Mittlere Frankenalb). Archaeopteryx, 23, 67–81.
  • POLZ, H., SCHWEIGERT, G. and MAISCH, M. W.2006. Two new species of Palaega (Isopoda: Cymothoida: Cirolanidae) from the Upper Jurassic of the Swabian Alb, South Germany. Stuttgarter Beitrge zur Naturkunde Serie B, 362, 1–17.
  • POORE, G. C. B. (ed.) 2002. Crustacea: Malacostraca: Syncarida and Peracarida: Isopoda: Tanaidacea, Mictacea, Thermosbaenacea, Spelaeogriphacea. CSIRO, Melbourne, i–xii, 433 pp.
  • RATHBUN, M. J.1935. Fossil Crustacea of the Atlantic and Gulf-Coastal Plain. Special Papers of the Geological Society of America, 2, 1–160.
  • REIFF, E. Von1936. Isopoden aus dem Lias Delta (Amaltheenschichten) Schwabens. Palaeontologische Zeitschrift, 18, 49–90.
  • REUSS, A.1859. Zur Kenntniss fossiler Krabben. Denkschriften der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften Wien, 17, 1–190.
  • RISEMAN, S. F. and BRUSCA, R. C.2002. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of Politolana Bruce, 1981 (Crustacea: Isopoda: Cirolanidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 134 (1), 57–140.
  • RÖGL, F.1998. Palaeogeographic considerations for Mediterranean and Paratethys seaways (Oligocene to Miocene). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 99, 279–310.
  • RÖGL, F.1999. Circum-Mediterranean Miocene paleongeography. 39–48. InRÖSSNER, G. and HEISSIG, K. (eds). The Miocene Land Mammals of Europe. Dr. Fritz Pfeil Verlag, Munich, 516 pp.
  • SCHLÖGL, J., CHIRAT, R., BALTER, V., JOACHIMSKI, M., HUDÁČKOVÁ, N. and QUILLÉVÉRÉ, F.2011. Aturia from the Miocene Paratethys: an exceptional window on nautilid habitat and lifestyle. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 308, 330–338.
  • SCHÖBL, J.1880. Über die Fortpflazung isopoder Crustaceen. Archiv für Mikroskopische Anatomie, 17, 125–140.
  • SCHOTTE, M., BOYKO, C. B., BRUCE, N. L., POORE, G. C. B., TAITI, S. and WILSON, G. D. F.2010. World List of Marine Freshwater and Terrestrial Isopod Crustaceans. Available at:
  • SPEZZAFERRI, S., ĆORIĆ, S., HOHENEGGER, J. and RÖGL, F.2002. Basin-scale paleobiogeography and paleoecology: an example from Karpatian (Latest Burdigalian) benthic and planktonic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils from the Central Paratethys. Geobios, 35, 241–256.
  • ŠPIČKA, V. and ZAPLETALOVÁ, I.1964. Nástin korelace karpatu v československéčásti vídeňské pánve. Sborník Geologických Věd, Geologie, 8, 125–160.
  • TAIT, J.1917. Experiments and observations on Crustacea. Part II. Moulting of isopods. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 37, 59–68.
  • TAKAKUWA, Y.2004. Fossil Bathynomus (Crustacea: Isopoda) and “Isocrinus”? (Crinoidea: Isocrinida) from the Miocene deposit in the southeastern area of Gunma Prefecture, Central Japan. Bulletin of the Gunma Museum of Natural History, 8, 27–34.
  • TAUBER, A. F.1950. Sphaeroma bachmayeri nov. sp., eine Schwimmassel aus dem Torton des Wiener Beckens. Sitzungsberichten der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, mathematisch.-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Abteilung I, 159, 101–108.
  • TAYLOR, B. J.1972. An urdidid isopod from the Lower Cretaceous of south-east Alexander Island. Bulletin of the British Antarctic Survey, 27, 97–103.
  • TODD, R., CLOUD, P. E., LOW, D. and SCHMIDT, R. G.1954. Probable occurrence of Oligocene on Saipan. American Journal of Sciences, 252, 673–682.
  • VAN STRAELEN, V.1928. Contribution à l’étude des Isopodes Méso- et Cénozoiques. Mémoires Academie Royale des Belgique, Classe de Sciences Collection, Second Series, 9, 1–68.
  • VEGA, F. J., BRUCE, N. L., SERRANO, L., BISHOP, G. A. and PERRILLIAT, M. D. E. L. C.2005. A review of the Lower Cretaceous (Tlayúa Formation: Albian) Crustacea from Tepexi de Rodríguez, Puebla, Central Mexico. Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum, 32, 25–30.
  • VERNET, G. and CHARMANTIER-DAURES, M.1994. Mue, autotomie et regeneration. 153–194. InGRASSE, P.-P. (ed.). Traite de zoologie. Anatomie, systematique, biologie. Tome 7: Crustacés. Fascicule 1: morphologie, physiologie, reproduction, systematique. Masson, Paris, 444 pp.
  • WÄGELE, J. W.1989. Evolution und phylogenetisches System der Isopoda. Stand der Forschung und neue Erkenntnisse. Zoologica, 140, 1–262.
  • WHITE, A.1850. List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part IV – Crustacea. Trustees of the British Museum, London, 141 pp.
  • WHITELEGGE, T.1901. Crustacea. Part II. Isopoda. Part I. Scientific results of the Trawling Expedition of HMNCS “Thetis”. Memoirs of the Australian Museum, 1, 201–241.
  • WIEDER, R. W. and FELDMANN, R. M.1989. Palaega goedertorum, a fossil isopod (Crustacea) from late Eocene to early Miocene rocks of Washington state. Journal of Paleontology, 63, 73–80.
  • WIEDER, R. W. and FELDMANN, R. M.1992. Mesozoic and Cenozoic fossil isopods of North America. Journal of Paleontology, 66, 958–972.
  • WILSON, G. D. F.1998. Historical influences on deep-sea isopod diversity in the Atlantic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research, Part II, 45, 279–301.
  • WILSON, G. D. F., PATERSON, J. R. and KEAR, B. P.2011. Fossil isopods associated with a fish skeleton from the Lower Cretaceous of Queensland, Australia – direct evidence of a scavenging lifestyle in Mesozoic Cymothoida. Palaeontology, 54 (5), 1053–1068.
  • WOODWARD, H.1870. Contributions to British Fossil Crustacea. The Geological Magazine, 7, 493–497.
  • FELDMANN, R. M. and CHARBONNIER, S.2011. Ibacus cottreaui Roger, 1946 reassigned to the isopod genus Cirolana (Cymothoida: Cirolanidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 31, 317–319.
  • ROGER, J.1946. Invertébrés des couches à poissons du Crétacé supérieur du Liban. Étude paléobiologique des gisements. Mémoires de la Société géologique de France, nouvelle série, 51, 1–92.
PalAss Go! URL: | Twitter: Share on Twitter | Facebook: Share on Facebook | Google+: Share on Google+