Skip to content Skip to navigation

Article: A highly derived anomalurid rodent (Mammalia) from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt

Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 53
Part: 4
Publication Date: July 2010
Page(s): 803 813
Author(s): Hesham M. Sallam, Erik R. Seiffert and Elwyn L. Simons
Addition Information

How to Cite

SALLAM, H. M., SEIFFERT, E. R., SIMONS, E. L. 2010. A highly derived anomalurid rodent (Mammalia) from the earliest late Eocene of Egypt. Palaeontology53, 4, 803–813.

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
Get Article: Wiley Online Library [Pay-to-View Access] |


  • ANDREWS, C. W. 1906. A descriptive catalogue of the Tertiary Vertebrata of the Fayum, Egypt; based on the collection of the Egyptian Government in the Geological Museum, Cairo, and on the collection in the British Museum (Natural History). Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), 324 pp.
  • ASHER, R. J., MENG, J., WIBLE, J. R., MCKENNA, M. C., ROUGIER, G. W., DASHZEVEG, D. and NOVACEK, M. J. 2005. Stem Lagomorpha and the antiquity of Glires. Science, 307, 1091–1094.
  • BARROW, E., SEIFFERT, E. R. and SIMONS, E. L. 2010. A primitive hyracoid (Mammalia, Paenungulata) from the early Priabonian (late Eocene) of Egypt. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 8, 213–244.
  • BEARD, K. C. 2006. Mammalian biogeography and anthropoid origins. 439–467. In LEHMAN, S. M. and FLEAGLE, J. G. (eds). Primate biogeography: progress and prospects. Springer, New York, 535 pp.
  • DAWSON, M. R., TSUBAMOTO, T., TAKAI, M., EGI, N., TUN, S. T. and SEIN, C. 2003. Rodents of the family Anomaluridae (Mammalia) from Southeast Asia (middle Eocene, Pondaung Formation, Myanmar). Annals of Carnegie Museum, 72, 203–213.
  • FOX, D. L., FISHER, D. C. and LEIGHTON, L. R. 1999. Reconstructing phylogeny with and without temporal data. Science, 284, 1816–1819.
  • FREUDENTHAL, M. and MARTIN-SUAREZ, E. 2006. Gliridae (Rodentia, Mammalia) from the late Miocene fissure filling Biancone 1 (Gargano, Province of Foggia, Italy). Palaeontologia Electronica, 9, 23.
  • GHEERBRANT, E. and RAGE, J.-C. 2006. Paleobiogeography of Africa: how distinct from Gondwana and Laurasia? Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 241, 224–246.
  • GHEERBRANT, E., IAROCHENE, M., AMAGHZAZ, M. and BOUYA, B. 2006. Early African hyaenodontid mammals and their bearing on the origin of the Creodonta. Geological Magazine, 143, 475–489.
  • GINGERICH, P. D. 1992. Marine mammals (Cetacea and Sirenia) from the Eocene of Gebel Mokattam and Fayum, Egypt: stratigraphy, age, and paleoenvironments. University of Michigan Paper, Paleontology, 30, 1–84.
  • GODINOT, M. 1994. Early North African primates and their significance for the origin of Simiiformes (=Anthropoidea). 235–296. In FLEAGLE, J. G. and KAY, R. F. (eds). Anthropoid origins. Plenum Press, New York, 708 pp.
  • GUNNELL, G. F., SIMONS, E. L. and SEIFFERT, E. R. 2008. New bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) from the late Eocene and early Oligocene, Fayum Depression, Egypt. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 28, 1–11.
  • HOLROYD, P. A. 1994. An examination of dispersal origins for Fayum mammalia. Unpublished Ph.D., Duke University, 328 pp.
  • HUCHON, D., CHEVRET, P., JORDAN, U., KILPATRICK, C. W., RANWEZ, V., JENKINS, P. D., BROSIUS, J. and SCHMITZ, J. 2007. Multiple molecular evidences for a living mammalian fossil. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104, 7495–7499.
  • JAEGER, J.-J., DENYS, C. and COIFFAIT, B. 1985. New Phiomorpha and Anomaluridae from the late Eocene of north-west Africa: phylogenetic implications. 567–588. In LUCKETT, W. P. and HARTENBERGER, J.-L. (eds). Evolutionary relationships among rodents – a multidisciplinary analysis. Plenum Press, New York, 736 pp.
  • KINGDON, J. 1997. The Kingdon field guide to African mammals. Academic Press, San Diego, 465 pp.
  • LAVOCAT, R. 1973. Les rongeurs du Miocene d’Afrique Orientale I. Miocene inferieur. Memoires et Travaux de l’Institut de Montpellier, 1, 1–284.
  • LIU, A., SEIFFERT, E. R. and SIMONS, E. L. 2008. Stable isotope evidence for an amphibious phase in early proboscidean evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105, 5786–5791.
  • MADDISON, W. P. and MADDISON, D. R. 2009. Mesquite: A modular system for evolutionary analysis. Version 2.72. .
  • MARIVAUX, L., VIANEY-LIAUD, M., WELCOMME, J.-L. and JAEGER, J.-J. 2002. The role of Asia in the origin and diversification of hystricognathous rodents. Zoologica Scripta, 31, 225–239.
  • MARIVAUX, L., DUCROCQ, S., JAEGER, J. J., MARANDAT, B., SUDRE, J., CHAIMANEE, Y., TUN, S. T., HTOON, W. and SOE, A. N. 2005. New remains of Pondaungimys anomaluropsis (Rodentia, Anomaluroidea) from the latest middle Eocene Pondaung Formation of Central Myanmar. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25, 214–227.
  • MONTGELARD, C., FORTY, E., ARNAL, V. and MATTHEE, C. A. 2008. Suprafamilial relationships among Rodentia and the phylogenetic effect of removing fast-evolving nucleotides in mitochondrial, exon and intron fragments. Bmc Evolutionary Biology, 8, 16.
  • MURRAY, A. M., COOK, T. D., ATTIA, Y. S., CHATRATH, P. and SIMONS, E. L. 2010. A freshwater ichthyofauna from the Late Eocene Birket Qarun Formation, Fayum, Egypt. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30, 665–680.
  • OSBORN, H. F. 1908. New fossil mammals from the Fayûm Oligocene of Egypt. Bulletin America Museum, Natural History, 24, 265–272.
  • ROSSIE, J. B. and SEIFFERT, E. R. 2006. Continental paleobiogeography as phylogenetic evidence. 461–514. In FLEAGLE, J. G. and LEHMAN, S. (eds). Primate biogeography. Plenum, New York, 535 pp.
  • SALLAM, H. M., SEIFFERT, E. R., STEIPER, M. E. and SIMONS, E. L. 2009. Fossil and molecular evidence constrain scenarios for the early evolutionary and biogeographic history of hystricognathous rodents. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, United States of America, 106, 16722–16727.
  • SCHLOSSER, M. 1911. Beitrge zur Kenntnis der oligoznen Landsugetiere aus dem Fayum, Ägypten. Beitrge zur Palontologie und Geologie Österreich-Ungarns und des Orients, 24, 51–167.
  • SEIFFERT, E. R. 2006. Revised age estimates for the later Paleogene mammal faunas of Egypt and Oman. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, United States of America, 103, 5000–5005.
  • SEIFFERT, E. R., SIMONS, E. L. and ATTIA, Y. 2003. Fossil evidence for an ancient divergence of lorises and galagos. Nature, 422, 421–424.
  • SEIFFERT, E. R., SIMONS, E. L., CLYDE, W. C., ROSSIE, J. B., ATTIA, Y., BOWN, T. M., CHATRATH, P. and MATHISON, M. 2005. Basal anthropoids from Egypt and the antiquity of Africa’s higher primate radiation. Science, 310, 300–304.
  • SEIFFERT, E. R., BOWN, T. M., CLYDE, W. C. and SIMONS, E. L. 2008. Geology, paleoenvironment, and age of Birket Qarun Locality 2 (BQ-2), Fayum Depression, Egypt. 71–86. In FLEAGLE, J. G. and GILBERT, C. C. (eds). Elwyn Simons: a search for origins. Springer, New York, 460 pp.
  • SIMONS, E. L. 2008. Eocene and Oligocene mammals of the Fayum, Egypt. 87–105. In FLEAGLE, J. G. and GILBERT, C. C. (eds). Elwyn Simons: a search for origins. Springer, New York, 460 pp.
  • SIMONS, E. L. and RASMUSSEN, D. T. 1990. Vertebrate paleontology of the Fayum: history of research, faunal review and future prospects. 627–638. In SAID, R. (ed.). The Geology of Egypt. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, 734 pp.
  • SWOFFORD, D. L. 1998. PAUP* Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and other methods). Version 4. Sinauer Associates, MA, USA.
  • TABUCE, R. and MARIVAUX, L. 2005. Mammalian interchanges between Africa and Eurasia: an analysis of temporal constraints on plausible anthropoid dispersals during the Paleogene. Anthropological Science, 113, 27–32.
  • THOMAS, H., ROGER, J., SEN, S., PICKFORD, M., GHEERBRANT, E., AL-SULAIMANI, Z. and AL-BUSAIDI, S. 1999. Oligocene and Miocene terrestrial vertebrates in the southern Arabian peninsula (Sultanate of Oman) and their geodynamic and palaeogeographic settings. 430–442. In WHYBROW, P. J. and HILL, A. (eds). Fossil vertebrates of Arabia. Yale University Press, New Haven, 594 pp.
  • VIANEY-LIAUD, M. and JAEGER, J.-J. 1996. A new hypothesis for the origin of African Anomaluridae and Graphiuridae (Rodentia). Palaeovertebrata, 25, 349–358.
  • VIANEY-LIAUD, M., JAEGER, J.-J., HARTENBERGER, J.-L. and MAHBOUBI, M. 1994. Les rongeurs de l’Eocène d’Afrique nord-occidentale [Glib Zegdou (Algérie) et Chambi (Tunisie)] et l’origine des Anomaluridae. Palaeovertebrata, 23, 93–118.
  • WING, S. L., HARRINGTON, G. J., SMITH, F. A., BLOCH, J. I., BOYER, D. M. and FREEMAN, K. H. 2005. Transient floral change and rapid global warming at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary. Science, 310, 993–996.
  • WINKLER, A. J. 1992. Systematics and biogeography of Middle Miocene rodents from the Muruyur Beds, Baringo District, Kenya. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 12, 236–249.
  • WOOD, A. E. 1968. Early Cenozoic mammalian faunas, Fayum Province, Egypt, Part II: the African Oligocene Rodentia. Peabody Museum Bulletin, 28, 23–205.
  • ZACHOS, J. C., WARA, M. W., BOHATY, S., DELANEY, M. L., PETRIZZO, M. R., BRILL, A., BRALOWER, T. J. and PREMOLI-SILVA, I. 2003. A transient rise in tropical sea surface temperature during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Science, 302, 1551–1554.
PalAss Go! URL: | Twitter: Share on Twitter | Facebook: Share on Facebook | Google+: Share on Google+