Skip to content Skip to navigation

Article: Taxonomy of Quaternary deep-sea ostracods from the western North Atlantic Ocean

Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 52
Part: 4
Publication Date: July 2009
Page(s): 879 931
Author(s): Moriaki Yasuhara, Hisayo Okahashi and Thomas M. Cronin
Addition Information

How to Cite

YASUHARA, M., OKAHASHI, H., CRONIN, T. M. 2009. Taxonomy of Quaternary deep-sea ostracods from the western North Atlantic Ocean. Palaeontology52, 4, 879–931.

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
Get Article: Wiley Online Library [Pay-to-View Access] |


  • AIELLO, G., BARRA, D. and BONADUCE, G. 1996a. The genus Cytheropteron Sars, 1866 (Crustacea: Ostracoda) in the Pliocene–Early Pleistocene of the Mount San Nicola Section (Gela, Sicily). Micropaleontology, 42, 167–178.
  • AIELLO, G., BARRA, D., BONADUCE, G. and RUSSO, A. 1996b. The genus Cytherella Jones, 1849 (Ostracoda) in the Italian Tortonian–recent. Revue de Micropaléontologie, 39, 171–190.
  • AIELLO, G. 2000. Systematics and biostratigraphy of the Ostracoda of the Plio–Pleistocene Monte S. Nicola section (Gela, Sicily). Bollettino della Societá Paleontologica Italiana, 39, 83–112.
  • AIELLO, G. and SZCZECHURA, J. 2001. First finding of the genus Nunana McKenzie, Reyment & Reyment, 1993 (Paracytheridae: Ostracoda) from the middle Miocene of central Paratethys. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 33, 71–78.
  • AIELLO, G. 2004. Middle Miocene ostracods of the Fore-Carpathian Depression (Central Paratethys, southwestern Poland). Bollettino della Societá Paleontologica Italiana, 43, 11–70.
  • ALVAREZ ZARIKIAN, C. A., STEPANOVA, A. Y. and GRÜTZNER, J. 2009. Glacial–interglacial variability in deep sea ostracod assemblage composition at IODP Site U1314 in the subpolar North Atlantic. Marine Geology, 258, 69–87.
  • ATHERSUCH, J., HORNE, D. J. and WHITTAKER, J. E. 1989. Synopses of the British Fauna (New Series) No. 43. Marine and brackish water ostracods. The Linnean Society of London and the Estuarine and Brackish-Water Science Association, London, 343 pp.
  • AYRESS, M., CORRÉGE, T., PASSLOW, V. and WHATLEY, R. C. 1996. New Bythocytherid and Cytherurid ostracode species from the deep-sea Australia, with enigmatic dorsal expansion. Geobios, 29, 73–90.
  • AYRESS, M. A., WHATLEY, R. C., DOWNING, S. E. and MILLSON, K. J. 1995. Cainozoic and recent deep sea Cytherurid Ostracoda from the south western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans, part I: Cytherurinae. Records of the Australian Museum, 47, 203–223.
  • BAIRD, W. 1850. The natural history of the British Entomostraca. Ray Society, London, 364 pp.
  • BARRA, D., AIELLO, G. and BONADUCE, G. 1996. The genus Argilloecia Sars, 1866 (Crustacea: Ostracoda) in the Pliocene–Early Pleistocene of the M. San Nicola Section (Gela, Sicily). Proceedings of the 2nd European Ostracodologists Meeting, Glasgow, UK, 129–134.
  • BARRA, D. and BONADUCE, G. 2000. Some species of Echinocythereis Puri, 1954 (Crustacea, Ostracoda) from the Torronian and to recent. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 32, 213–224.
  • BATE, R. H. 1972. Upper Cretaceous Ostracoda from the Carnarvon Basin, western Australia. Special Papers in Palaeontology, 10, 1–148.
  • BENSON, R. H., DELGROSSO, R. M. and STEINECK, P. L. 1983. Ostracode distribution and biofacies, Newfoundland continental slope and rise. Micropaleontology, 29, 430–453.
  • BERGUE, C. T. and COIMBRA, J. C. 2008. Late Pleistocene and Holocene bathyal ostracodes from the Santos Basin, southeastern Brazil. Palaeontographica Abteilung A, 285, 101–144.
  • BERGUE, C. T., COIMBRA, J. C. and CRONIN, T. M. 2007. Cytherellid species (Ostracoda) and their significance to the Late Quaternary events in the Santos Basin, Brazil. Senckenbergiana Maritima, 37, 5–12.
  • BERGUE, C. T., COSTA, K. B., DWYER, G. and MOURA, C. A. V. 2006. Bathyal ostracode diversity in the Santos Basin, Brazilian southeast margin: response to Late Quaternary climate changes. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia, 9, 201–210.
  • BIANCHI, G. G. and MCCAVE, I. N. 2000. Hydrography and sedimentation under the deep western boundary current on Björn and Gardar Drifts, Iceland Basin. Marine Geology, 165, 137–169.
  • BOLD, W. A. van den 1946. Contribution to the study of Ostracoda with special reference to the Tertiary and Cretaceous microfauna of the Caribbean region [Proefschrift, Rijks-Universiteit te Utrecht]. J. H. De Bussy, Amsterdam, 167 pp. [reprinted in 1970 by Antiquriaat Junk, Lochem].
  • Van Den BOLD, W. A. 1957. Ambocythere, a new genus of Ostracoda. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 12th series, 10, 801–813.
  • Van Den BOLD, W. A. 1965. New species of the ostracod genus Ambocythere. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 13th series, 8, 1–18.
  • Van Den BOLD, W. A. 1966. Miocene and Pliocene Ostracoda from northeastern Venezuela. Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeling Natuurkunde, 1. Reeks , 23, 1–43.
  • Van Den BOLD, W. A. 1988. Neogene paleontology in the northern Dominican Republic: 7. The subclass Ostracoda (Arthropoda: Crustacea). Bulletins of American Paleontology, 94, 1–105.
  • BONADUCE, G., CIAMPO, G. and MASOLI, M. 1976. Distribution of Ostracoda in the Adriatic Sea. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli, 40, 1–154.
  • BOND, G. C., KROMER, B., BEER, J., MUSCHELER, R., EVANS, M. N., SHOWERS, W., HOFFMANN, S., LOTTI-BOND, R., HAJDAS, I. and BONANI, G. 2001. Persistent Solar Influence on North Atlantic Climate during the Holocene. Science, 294, 2130–2136.
  • BOND, G. C. and LOTTI, R. 1995. Iceberg discharges into the North Atlantic on millennial time scales during the last glaciation. Science, 267, 1005–1010.
  • BOND, G. C., SHOWERS, W., CHESEBY, M., LOTTI, R., ALMASI, P., DEMENOCAL, P., PRIORE, P., CULLEN, H., HAJDAS, I. and BONANI, G. 1997. A pervasive millennial-scale cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and glacial climates. Science, 278, 1257–1266.
  • BONNEMA, J. H. 1941. Ostracoden aus der Kreide des Untergrundes der nordöstlichen Niederlande. Natuurhistorisch Maanblad, Maastricht, 30, 1–6, 8–10, 21–24, 26–29, 40–41, 56–60, 70–72.
  • BRADY, G. S. 1866. On new or imperfectly known species of marine Ostracoda. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London, 5, 359–393.
  • BRADY, G. S. 1880. Report on the Ostracoda dredged by H.M.S. Challenger, during the years 1873–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Exploring Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, Zoology, 1, 1–184.
  • BRADY, G. S. 1886. Chapitre 4: Les Crustaces-Ostracodes des expeditions du Travailleur et du Talisman de 1881 a 1883; Chapitre 7: Les Ostracodes nouveaux des explorations du Travailleur et du Talisman. Les Fonds de la Mer, 4, 164–166, 194–200.
  • BRADY, G. S., CROSSKEY, H. W. and ROBERTSON, D. 1874. A monograph of the post-Tertiary Entomostraca of Scotland including species from England and Ireland. Annual Volumes (Monographs) of the Palaeontographical Society, London, 28, 1–232.
  • BRADY, G. S. and NORMAN, A. M. 1889. A monograph of the marine and fresh-water Ostracoda of the North Atlantic and of northwestern Europe. Section I: Podocopa. Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society, 4, 63–270.
  • BRANDÃO, S. N. 2008. First Record of a living Platycopida (Crustacea, Ostracoda) from Antarctic waters and a Discussion on Cytherella serratula (Brady, 1880). Zootaxa, 1866, 349–372.
  • BREMAN, E. 1975. Ostracodes in a bottom core from the deep southeastern basin of the Adriatic sea. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Series B, 78, 197–218.
  • BREMAN, E. 1976. Five ostracode species from Adriatic deep-sea sediments. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Series B, 79, 9–17.
  • BUBIKYAN, S. A. 1958. Ostracoda from Paleogene deposits of the Erevan Basin. Izvestiya Akademii Nuak Armyanskoy SSR, Seriya Geologicheskii i Geograficheskii Nauk, 11, 3–16. [In Russian].
  • CAME, R. E., OPPO, D. W. and MCMANUS, J. F. 2007. Amplitude and timing of temperature and salinity variability in the subpolar North Atlantic over the past 10 k.y. Geology, 35, 315–318.
  • CIAMPO, G. 1986. Ostracodi del limite Tortoniano/Messiniano in alcune sezioni italiane. Bollettino della Societá Paleontologica Italiana, 24, 29–110.
  • CIAMPO, G. 1988. Nuove specie di ostracodi pliocenici della Calabria ionica. Bollettino della Societá Paleontologica Italiana, 27, 307–321.
  • COLALONGO, M. L. and PASINI, G. 1980. La ostracofauna plio-pleistocenica della Sezione Vrica in Calabria (con considerazioni sul limite Neogene/Quaternario). Bollettino della Societá Paleontologica Italiana, 19, 44–126.
  • COLES, G. P., AINSWORTH, N. R., WHATLEY, R. C. and JONES, R. W. 1996. Foraminifera and Ostracoda from Quaternary carbonate mounds associated with gas seepage in the Porcupine Basin, offshore western Ireland. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 28, 113–151.
  • COLES, G. P. and WHATLEY, R. C. 1989. New Palaeocene to Miocene genera and species of Ostracoda from DSDP sites in the North Atlantic. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 21, 81–124.
  • COLES, G. P., WHATLEY, R. C. and MOGUILEVSKY, A. 1994. The ostracod genus Krithe from the Tertiary and Quaternary of the North Atlantic. Palaeontology, 37, 71–120.
  • CORYELL, H. N. and FIELDS, S. 1937. A Gatun ostracode fauna from Cativa, Panama. American Museum Novitates, 956, 1–18.
  • CRONIN, T. M. 1983. Bathyal ostracodes from the Florida–Hatteras slope, the Straits of Florida, and the Blake Plateau. Marine Micropaleontology, 8, 89–119.
  • CRONIN, T. M., BOOMER, I., DWYER, G. S. and RODRIGUEZ-LAZARO, J. 2002. Ostracoda and Paleoceanography. 99–119. In HOLMES, J. A. and CHIVAS, A. R. (eds). The Ostracoda: applications in Quaternary research. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 313 pp.
  • CRONIN, T. M. and RAYMO, M. E. 1997. Orbital forcing of deep-sea benthic species diversity. Nature, 385, 624–627.
  • CRONIN, T. M., RAYMO, M. E. and KYLE, K. P. 1996. Pliocene (3.2–2.4 Ma) ostracode faunal cycles and deep ocean circulation, North Atlantic Ocean. Geology, 24, 695–698.
  • DIDIÉ, C. and BAUCH, H. A. 2000. Species composition and glacial-interglacial variations in the ostracode fauna of the northeast Atlantic during the past 200,000 years. Marine Micropaleontology, 40, 105–129.
  • DIDIÉ, C. 2001. Erratum to “Species composition and glacial–interglacial variations in the ostracode fauna of the northeast Atlantic during the past 200,000 years” [Marine Micropaleontology 40 (2000) 105–129]. Marine Micropaleontology, 41, 103–108.
  • DIDIÉ, C., BAUCH, H. A. and HELMKE, J. P. 2002. Late Quaternary deep-sea ostracodes in the polar and subpolar North Atlantic: paleoecological and paleoenvironmental implications. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 184, 195–212.
  • DINGLE, R. V. 1984. Mid-Cretaceous Ostracoda from Southern Africa and the Falkland Plateau. Annals of the South African Museum, 93, 97–211.
  • DINGLE, R. V. and LORD, A. R. 1990. Benthic ostracods and deep water-masses in the Atlantic Ocean. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 80, 213–235.
  • EAGAR, S. H. 1965. Ostracoda of the London Clay (Ypresian) in the London Basin, 1. Reading District. Revue de Micropaléontologie, 8, 15–32.
  • ELLISON, C. R. W., CHAPMAN, M. R. and HALL, I. R. 2006. Surface and deep ocean interactions during the cold climate event 8200 years ago. Science, 312, 1929–1932.
  • ELOFSON, O. 1969. Marine Ostracoda of Sweden with special consideration of the Skagerrak. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem, 286 pp. Translated from German. Published for the Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington, DC [ELOFSON, O. 1941. Zur Kenntnis der marinen Ostracoden Schwedens mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Skageraks. Zoologiska Bidrag från Uppsala, 19, 215–534].
  • FREIWALD, A. and MOSTAFAWI, N. 1998. Ostracods in a cold-temperate coastal environment, western Troms, northern Norway: Sedimentary aspects and assemblages. Facies, 38, 255–274.
  • GOODAY, A. J. and HUGHES, J. A. 2002. Foraminifera associated with phytodetritus deposits at a bathyal site in the northern Rockall Trough (NE Atlantic): seasonal contrasts and a comparison of stained and dead assemblages. Marine Micropaleontology, 46, 83–110.
  • GRÜNDEL, J. 1967. Zur Grossgliederung der Ordnung Podocopida G. W. Müller, 1894 (Ostracoda). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palontologie, Monatshefte, 6, 321–332.
  • GRÜNDEL, J. 1976. Neue taxonomische Einheiten der Cytherocopina Gründel, 1967 (Ostracoda). Zeitschrift für geologische Wissenschaften, 4, 1295–1304.
  • GUERNET, C. 1998. Neogene and Pleistocene ostracodes, sites 959 and 960, Gulf of Guinea. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 159, 525–531.
  • GUERNET, C. and BELLIER, J.-P. 2000. Ostracodes Paléocènes et Éocènes du Blake Nose (Leg ODP 171B) et évolution des environnements bathyaux au large de la Floride. Revue de Micropaléontologie, 43, 249–279.
  • GUERNET, C. and FOURCADE, E. 1988. Cenozoic ostracodes from Hole 628A, ODP Leg 101, Bahamas. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 101, 139–151.
  • GUERNET, C. and MOULLADE, M. 1994. Ostracodes en milieu océanique profond (Atlantique central) au passage Miocéne–Pliocéne. Revue de Micropaléontologie, 37, 257–274.
  • HAZEL, J. E. 1967. Classification and distribution of the recent Hemicytheridae and Trachyleberididae (Ostracoda) off northeastern North America. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 564, 1–49.
  • HEINRICH, H. 1988. Origin and consequences of cyclic ice rafting in the northeast Atlantic Ocean during the past 130,000 years. Quaternary Research, 29, 142–152.
  • HERRIG, E. 1963. Neue Ostracoden-Arten aus der Weißen Schreibkreide der Insel Rügen (Unter-Maastricht). Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universitt Greifswald (Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Reihe), 12, 289–325.
  • HERRIG, E. 1966. Ostracoden aus der Weißen Schreibkreide (Unter-Maastricht) der Insel Rügen. Palontologische Abhandlungen (A: Palozoologie), 2, 693–1024.
  • HORNE, D. J. 1986. Two new species of Pseudocythere Sars (Crustacea, Ostracoda) from Britain and Norway. Hydrobiologia, 139, 119–122.
  • HORNIBROOK, N. B. 1952. Tertiary and recent marine Ostracoda of New Zealand–their origin, affinities and distribution. New Zealand Geological Survey, Paleontological Bulletin, 18, 5–82.
  • HOWE, H. V. and CHAMBERS, J. 1935. Louisiana Jackson Eocene Ostracoda. Geological Bulletin, State of Louisiana Department of Conservation, Louisiana Geological Survey, 5, 1–65.
  • ISHIZAKI, K. 1981. Ostracoda from the East China Sea. Science Reports of the Tohoku University, 2nd Series (Geology), 51, 37–65.
  • ISHIZAKI, K. and GUNTHER, F. 1974. Ostracoda of the family Cytheruridae from the Gulf of Panama. Science Reports of the Tohoku University, 2nd Series (Geology), 45, 1–50.
  • JELLINEK, T., SWANSON, K. and MAZZINI, I. 2006. Is the cosmopolitan model still valid for deep-sea podocopid ostracods? With the discussion of two new species of the genus Pseudobosquetina Guernet & Moullade 1994 and Cytheropteron testudo (Ostracoda) as case studies Senckenbergiana Maritima, 36, 29–50.
  • JONES, T. R. 1849. A monograph of the Entomostraca of the Cretaceous formation of England. Annual Volumes (Monographs) of the Palaeontographical Society, London, 3, 1–40.
  • JONES, T. R. 1901. On some Carboniferous shale from Siberia. Geological Magazine ( Decade 4 ), 8, 433–436.
  • JOY, J. A. and CLARK, D. L. 1977. The distribution, ecology and systematics of the benthic Ostracoda of the central Arctic Ocean. Micropaleontology, 23, 129–154.
  • KEIGWIN, L. D. 2004. Radiocarbon and stable isotope constraints on Last Glacial Maximum and Younger Dryas ventilation in the western North Atlantic. Paleoceanography, 19, PA4012, doi: 10.1029/2004PA001029.
  • LATREILLE, P. A. 1802. Genera crustaceorum et insectorum, Tomus I. Amand Koenig, Paris, 303 pp.
  • MACKIEWICZ, A. 2006. Recent benthic Ostracoda from Hornsund, south Spitsbergen, Svalbard Archipelago. Polish Polar Research, 27, 71–90.
  • MADDOCKS, R. F. 1969. Revision of recent Bairdiidae (Ostracoda). United States National Museum Bulletin, 295, 1–126.
  • MADDOCKS, R. F. and STEINECK, P. L. 1987. Ostracoda from experimental wood-island habitats in the deep sea. Micropaleontology, 33, 318–355.
  • MALZ, H. and JELLINEK, T. 1994. Podocopide Tiefsee-Ostracoden aus Kastengreifer-Proben im östlichen Mittelmeer (‘Meteor’-Fahrt 25/leg 1: Ionisches bis Levantinisches Becken). Senckenbergiana Lethaea, 74, 9–32.
  • MARCHITTO, T. M. and DEMENOCAL, P. B. 2003. Late Holocene variability of upper North Atlantic Deep Water temperature and salinity. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 4, 1100, doi: 10.1029/2003GC000598.
  • MAZZINI, I. 2005. Taxonomy, biogeography and ecology of Quaternary benthic Ostracoda (Crustacea) from circumpolar deep water of the Emerald Basin (Southern Ocean) and the S Tasman Rise (Tasman Sea). Senckenbergiana Maritima, 35, 1–119.
  • MCKENZIE, K. G. 1967. Recent Ostracoda from Port Phillip Bay, Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, New Series, 80, 61–106.
  • MCKENZIE, K. G., REYMENT, R. A. and REYMENT, E. R. 1993. Eocene Ostracoda from the Browns Creek Clays at Browns Creek and Castle Cove, Victoria, Australia. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 8, 75–116.
  • MCMANUS, J. F., FRANCOIS, R., GHERARDI, J.-M., KEIGWIN, L. D. and BROWN-LEGER, S. 2004. Collapse and rapid resumption of Atlantic meridional circulation linked to deglacial climate changes. Nature, 428, 834–837.
  • MCMANUS, J. F., OPPO, D. W. and CULLEN, J. L. 1999. A 0.5-million-year record of millennial-scale climate variability in the North Atlantic. Science, 283, 971–975.
  • MOORE, R. C. (ed.) 1961. Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, part Q, Arthropoda 3. Geological Society of America, Boulder, and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, 442 pp.
  • MÜLLER, G. W. 1894. Die Ostracoden des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte. Fauna und Flora des Golfes von Neapel, 21, 1–404.
  • OPPO, D. W., MCMANUS, J. F. and CULLEN, J. L. 1998. Abrupt climate events 500,000 to 340,000 years ago: Evidence from subpolar north Atlantic sediments. Science, 279, 1335–1338.
  • OPPO, D. W., MCMANUS, J. F. and CULLEN, J. L. 2003. Deepwater variability in the Holocene epoch. Nature, 422, 277–278.
  • PRAETORIUS, S. K., MCMANUS, J. F., OPPO, D. W. and CURRY, W. B. 2008. Episodic reductions in bottom-water currents since the last ice age. Nature Geoscience, 1, 449–452.
  • PURI, H. S. 1954. Contribution to the study of the Miocene of the Florida Panhandle, Pt. 3, Ostracoda. Geological Bulletin, State Board of Conservation, Florida Geological Survey, 36, 217–309.
  • PURI, H. S. 1957. Henryhowella, new name for Howella Puri, 1956. Journal of Paleontology, 31, 982.
  • PURI, H. S. 1974. Normal pores and the phylogeny of Ostracoda. Geoscience and Man, 6, 137–151.
  • PURI, H. S. and HULINGS, N. C. 1976. Designation of lectotypes of some ostracods from the Challenger Expedition. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology, 29, 251–315.
  • RAYMO, M. E., OPPO, D. W., FLOWER, B. P., HODELL, D. A., MCMANUS, J. F., VENZ, K. A., KLEIVEN, K. F. and MCINTYRE, K. 2004. Stability of North Atlantic water masses in face of pronounced climate variability during the Pleistocene. Paleoceanography, 19, PA2008, doi: 10.1029/2003PA000921.
  • REUSS, A. M. 1850. Die fossilen Entomostraceen des öesterreichischen Tertirbeckens. Haidingers Naturwissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, 3, 41–92.
  • REX, M. A., STUART, C. T. and COYNE, G. 2000. Latitudinal gradients of species richness in the deep-sea benthos of the North Atlantic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97, 4082–4085.
  • RUAN, P. and HAO, Y. 1988. Systematic description of microfossils. 2. Ostracoda. 227–395. In Research Party of Marine Geology, Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chinese University of Geosciences (Beijing) (ed.). Quaternary microbiotas in the Okinawa Trough and their geological significance. Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 510 pp. [In Chinese with English summary].
  • SANDERS, H. L., HESSLER, R. R. and HAMPSON, G. R. 1965. An introduction to the study of deep-sea benthic faunal assemblages along the Gay Head-Bermuda transect. Deep-Sea Research, 12, 845–867.
  • SARS, G. O. 1866 [Preprint, 1865]. Oversigt af Norges marine Ostracoder. Förhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania, 7, 1–130.
  • SARS, G. O. 1869. Nye dybvands crustacéer fra Lofoten. Forhandlinger i Videnskabs – Selskabet i Christiania, 8, 170–174.
  • SARS, G. O. 1925. Ostracoda, parts 5–12. An Account of the Crustacea of Norway with Short Description and Figures of All the Species, 9, 73–208.
  • SARS, G. O. 1926. Ostracoda, parts 13 and 14. An Account of the Crustacea of Norway with Short Description and Figures of All the Species, 9, 209–240.
  • SARS, G. O. 1928. Ostracoda, parts 15 and 16. An Account of the Crustacea of Norway with Short Description and Figures of All the Species, 9, 241–277.
  • SCHELLENBERG, S. A. 2007. Marine ostracods. 2046–2062. In ELIAS, S. A. (ed.). Encyclopedia of quaternary science. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
  • SCHORNIKOV, E. I. 2005. The question of cosmopolitanism in the deep-sea ostracod fauna: the example of the genus Pedicythere. Hydrobiologia, 538, 193–215.
  • SISSINGH, W. 1972. Late Cenozoic Ostracoda of the South Agean Island Arc. Utrecht Micropaleontological Bulletins, 7, 1–187.
  • SKOGSBERG, T. 1920. Studies on marine ostracods. Part 1 (cypridinids, halocyprids and polycopids). Zoologiska Bidrag fran Uppsala, Supplment, 1, 1–784.
  • STEINECK, P. L., MADDOCKS, R. F., COLES, G. P. and WHATLEY, R. C. 1990. Xylophile Ostracoda in the deep sea. 307–319. In WHATLEY, R. C. and MAYBURY, C. (eds). Ostracoda and global events. Chapman and Hall, London, 621 pp.
  • STEPANOVA, A. 2006. Late Pleistocene-Holocene and Recent Ostracoda of the Laptev Sea and their importance for paleoenvironmental reconstructions. Paleontological Journal, 40, S91–S204.
  • STEPANOVA, A., TALDENKOVA, E. and BAUCH, H. A. 2003. Recent Ostracoda from the Laptev Sea (Arctic Siberia): species assemblages and some environmental relationships. Marine Micropaleontology, 48, 23–48.
  • SWANSON, K. M. and AYRESS, M. A. 1999. Cytheropteron testudo and related species from the SW Pacific – with analyses of their soft anatomies, relationships and distribution. Senckenbergiana Biologica, 79, 151–193.
  • SYLVESTER-BRADLEY, P. C. 1948. The ostracode genus Cythereis. Journal of Paleontology, 22, 792–797.
  • WANG, P., ZHANG, J., ZHAO, Q., MIN, Q., BIAN, Y., ZHENG, L., CHENG, X. and CHEN, R. 1988. Foraminifera and Ostracoda in bottom sediments of the East China Sea. Ocean Press, Beijing, 438 pp.
  • WHATLEY, R. C., AYRESS, M. and DOWNING, S. 1986. Two unusual new species of the ostracod genus Cytheropteron from the late Cainozoic of the deep sea. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 5, 31–36.
  • WHATLEY, R. C. and COLES, G. P. 1987. The late Miocene to Quaternary Ostracoda of Leg 94, Deep Sea Drilling Project. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 19, 33–97.
  • WHATLEY, R. C., EYNON, M. and MOGUILEVSKY, A. 1996. Recent Ostracoda of the Scoresby Sund fjord system, East Greenland. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 28, 5–23.
  • WHATLEY, R. C., EYNON, M. and MOGUILEVSKY, A. 1998. The depth distribution of Ostracoda from the Greenland Sea. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 17, 15–32.
  • YASUHARA, M. and CRONIN, T. M. 2008. Climatic influences on deep-sea ostracode (Crustacea) diversity for the last three million years. Ecology, 89, S52–S65.
  • YASUHARA, M., CRONIN, T. M., DEMENOCAL, P. B., OKAHASHI, H. and LINSLEY, B. K. 2008b. Abrupt climate change and collapse of deep-sea ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105, 1556–1560.
  • YASUHARA, M., CRONIN, T. M. and MARTÍNEZ ARBIZU, P. 2008a. Abyssal ostracods from the South and Equatorial Atlantic Ocean: Biological and paleoceanographic implications. Deep-Sea Research I, 55, 490–497.
  • ZHAO, Q., WHATLEY, R. and ZHOU, B. 2000. The taxonomy and distribution of recent species of the ostracod genus Cytheropteron in the South China Sea. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 32, 259–281.
PalAss Go! URL: | Twitter: Share on Twitter | Facebook: Share on Facebook | Google+: Share on Google+