Skip to content Skip to navigation

Article: A revision of the fossil pirate spiders (Arachnida: Araneae: Mimetidae)

Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 52
Part: 4
Publication Date: July 2009
Page(s): 779 802
Author(s): Danilo Harms and Jason A. Dunlop
Addition Information

How to Cite

HARMS, D., DUNLOP, J. A. 2009. A revision of the fossil pirate spiders (Arachnida: Araneae: Mimetidae). Palaeontology52, 4, 779–802.

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
Get Article: Wiley Online Library [Pay-to-View Access] |


  • BARRION, A. T. and LITSINGER, J. A. 1995. Riceland spider of South and Southeast Asia. CAB International, Wallingford, xix + 695 pp.
  • BERENDT, G. C. 1845. Die im Bernstein befindlichen organischen Reste der Vorwelt, gesammelt, in Verbindung mit Mehreren bearbeitet und herausgegeben. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognoise, Geologie und Petrefakten-Kunde, 1845, 864–879.
  • BRIGNOLI, P. M. 1974. Spiders from the Philippines II. On two species from Palawan Island (Araneae). Bulletin of the British arachnological Society, 3, 78–81.
  • BRIGNOLI, P. M. 1979. Recherches en Afrique de l’Institut de Zoologie de l’Aquila (Italie) II. Reo latro nov. gen., nov. sp. du Kenya (Araneae: Mimetidae). Revue de Zoologie africaine, 93, 919–928.
  • BRIGNOLI, P. M. 1984. On some West Indian Mimetus and Lyssomanes (Araneae: Mimetidae, Salticidae). Bulletin of the British arachnological Society, 6, 200–204.
  • BLACKLEDGE, T. A., SCHARFF, N., CODDINGTON, J. A., SZÜTS, T., WENZEL, J. W., HAYASHI, C. Y. and AGNARSSON, I. 2009. Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106, 5229–5234.
  • BLACKWALL, J. A. 1870. Notes on a collection of spiders made in Sicily in the spring of 1868, by E. Perceval Wright, M. D., with a list of the species, and descriptions of some new species and of a new genus. Annals & Magazine of Natural History, fourth series, 5, 392–405.
  • CHIKUNI, Y. 1989. Pictorial encyclopedia of spiders in Japan. Kaisei-Sha Publishing Co., Ltd, Tokyo, 310 pp.
  • DE GEER, C. 1778. Mémoires pour servir à l’histoire des insectes, Vol. 7. Grefing & Hesselberg, Stockholm, pp. 176–324.
  • EMERIT, M. 1996. Contribution à l’étude des Aranéides de Madagascar et des Comores: I. La famille des Mimetidae. Revue Arachnologique, 11, 95–108.
  • ESKOV, K. 1992. Archaeid spiders from Eocene Baltic amber (Chelicerata: Araneida: Arachaeidae) with remarks on the so-called ‘Gondwanan’ ranges of Recent taxa. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palontologie, Abhandlungen, 185, 311–328.
  • FORSTER, R. R. and PLATNICK, N. I. 1984. A review of the archaeid spiders and their relatives, with notes on the limits of the superfamily Palpimanoidea (Arachnida, Araneae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 178, 1–106.
  • GRISWOLD, C. E., RAMÍREZ, M. J., CODDINGTON, J. A. and PLATNICK, N. I. 2005. Atlas of phylogenetic data for entelegyne spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae: Entelegyne) with comments on their phylogeny. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 4th Series, 56, 1–324.
  • HARMS, D. 2007. Phylogeny of pirate spiders (Arachnida: Araneae: Mimetidae) with reference to the Australian fauna. Unpublished Diploma thesis, Freie Universitt Berlin, 297 pp.
  • HARMS, D. and HARVEY, M. S. 2009a. Australian pirates: systematics and phylogeny of the Australasian pirate spiders (Araneae: Mimetidae) with a description of the Western Australian fauna. Invertebrate Systematics, 23.
  • HARMS, D. and HARVEY, M. S. 2009b. A review of the pirate spiders of Tasmania (Arachnida: Mimetidae: Australomimetus) with description of a new species. Journal of Arachnology, 37.
  • HEIMER, S. 1986. Notes on the spider family Mimetidae with description of a new genus from Australia (Arachnida, Araneae). Entomologische Abhandlungen Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde Dresden, 49, 113–137.
  • HENTZ, N. M. 1832. On North American spiders. Sillimans Journal of Science & Arts, 21, 99–122.
  • ITURRALDE-VINENT, M. A. 2001. Geology of the amber-bearing deposits of the Greater Antilles. Caribbean Journal of Science, 37, 141–167.
  • JACKSON, R. R. and WHITEHOUSE, M. E. A. 1986. The biology of New Zealand and Queensland pirate spiders (Araneae, Mimetidae): aggressive mimicry, araneophagy and prey specialisations. Journal of Zoology, London, 210, 279–303.
  • KEILBACH, R. 1982. Bibliographie und Liste der Arten tierischer Einschlüsse in fossilen Harzen sowie ihrer Aufbewahrungsorte. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift N. F., 29, 129–286, 301–491.
  • KEYSERLING, E. 1863. Beschreibungen neuer Spinnen. Verhandlungen der zooogisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 13, 369–382.
  • KOCH, C. L. 1836. Arachniden. In HERRICH-SCHÄFFER, G. A. W. (ed.). Fauna insectorum Germaniae oder Deutschlands Insecten, Vol. 138. Regensburg, Germany, pls 3–6.
  • KOCH, C. L. and BERENDT, G. C. 1854. Die im Bernstein befindlichen Myriapoden, Arachniden und Apteren der Vorwelt. In BERENDT, G. C. (ed.). Die in Bernstein befindlichen organischen Reste der Vorwelt, gesammelt, in Verbindung mit Mehreren bearbeitetet und herausgegeben 1. Nicolai, Berlin, 124 pp.
  • KULCZYŃSKI, W. 1911. Fragmenta Arachnologica. XVI, XVII. Bulletin international de l’Académie des Sciences de Cracovie, 1911, 12–75.
  • MARUSIK, Y. M. and PENNEY, D. 2004. A survey of Baltic amber Theridiidae (Araneae) inclusions, with descriptions of six new species. In LOGUNOV, D. V. and PENNEY, D. (eds). European Arachnology 2003 (Proceedings of the 21st European Colloquium of Arachnology, St.-Petersburg, 4–9 August 2003). Arthropoda Selecta (Special Issue), 1, 201–208.
  • McCOOK, H. C. 1890. American spiders and their spinningwork, Vol. 2. Press Allan, Lane and Scott, Philadelphia, 480 pp.
  • MELLO-LEITÃO, C. F. DE 1929. Mimetidos do Brasil. Revista do Museo Paulista, 16, 537–568.
  • MELLO-LEITÃO, C. F. D. E. 1935. Dois novos Mimetidae do Brasil méridonal, com algumas notas sobre a familia. Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Sciencias, 7, 323–327.
  • MENGE, A. 1854. Footnotes in KOCH, C. L. and BERENDT, G. C. Die im Bernstein befindlichen Myriapoden, Arachniden und Apteren der Vorwelt. In Berendt, G. C. (ed.). Die in Bernstein befindlichen organischen Reste der Vorwelt, gesammelt, in Verbindung mit Mehreren bearbeitetet und herausgegeben 1. Nicolai, Berlin, 124 pp.
  • PAQUIN, P. and DUPÉRRÉ, N. 2003. Guide d’identification des Araignées (Araneae) du Québec. Fabreries, Supplément, 11, 251.
  • PENNEY, D. 2005. An annotated systematic catalogue, including synonymies and transfers, of Miocene Dominican Republic amber spiders described up until 2005. Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 12, 25–52.
  • PENNEY, D. 2008. Dominican amber spiders. A comparative palaeontological–neontological approach to identification, faunistics, ecology and biogeography. Siri Scientific Press, Manchester, UK, 176 pp.
  • PERKOVSKY, V., ZOSIMIOVICH, Y. and VLASKIN, Y. 2003. Rovno amber fauna: a preliminary report. Acta zoological cracoviensia, 46 (Suppl.), 423–430.
  • PERKOVSKY, V., RASNITSYN, A. P., VLASKIN, A. P. and TARASCHUK, M. V. 2007. A comparative analysis of the Baltic and Rovno amber arthropod faunas: representative samples. African Invertebrates, 48, 229–245.
  • PETRUNKEVITCH, A. I. 1942. A study of amber spiders. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts & Sciences, 34, 119–464.
  • PETRUNKEVITCH, A. I. 1955. Arachnida. 42–162. In MOORE, R. C. (ed.). Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, Part P, Arthropoda 2. Geological Society of America, Boulder, and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, xvii + 181 pp.
  • PETRUNKEVITCH, A. I. 1958. Amber spiders in European collections. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts & Sciences, 41, 97–400.
  • PLATNICK, N. I. 2009. The world spider catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History, online at
  • PLATNICK, N. I. and SHADAB, M. 1993. A review of the pirate spiders (Araneae, Mimetidae) of Chile. American Museum Novitates, 3074, 1–30.
  • RIX, M. G., HARVEY, M. S. and ROBERTS, D. J. 2008. Molecular phylogenetics of the spider family Micropholcommatidae (Arachnida: Araneae) using nuclear rRNA genes (18S and 28S). Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 46, 1031–1048.
  • SCHÜTT, K. 2000. The limits of the Araneoidea (Arachnida: Araneae). Australian Journal of Zoology, 48, 135–153.
  • SCHÜTT, K. 2003. Limits and phylogeny of the Araneoidea (Arachnida: Araneae). Dissertation. de – Verlag im Internet GmbH, Berlin, Germany, 152 pp.
  • SCUDDER, S. H. 1891. Index to the known fossil insects of the world including myriapods and arachnids. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey, 71, 1–744.
  • SHEAR, W. A. 1981. Structure of the male palpal organ in Mimetus, Ero, and Gelanor (Araneoidea, Mimetidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 170, 257–262.
  • SIMON, E. 1881. Les arachnides de France. V, première partie. Librairie encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, 180 pp.
  • SIMON, E. 1890. Etudes arachnologiques. 22e Mémoire. XXXIV. Etude sur les arachnides de l’Yemen. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 10, 77–124.
  • SIMON, E. 1895. Histoire naturelle des araignées I. Librairie encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, pp. 940–948.
  • SMITH, F. P. 1901. The structure of spiders and the habits of some well-known spiders. Natural Journal Guide, 10, 66–69, 102–105, 136–141, 191–196.
  • SONG, D., ZHU, M. and CHEN, J. 1999. The Spiders of China. Hebei Science and Technology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp.
  • THALER, K., VAN HARTEN, A. and KNOFLACH, B. 2004. Pirate spiders of the genus Ero C. L. Koch from southern Europe, Yemen and Ivory Coast, with two new species (Arachnida, Araneae, Mimetidae). Denisia, 13, 359–368.
  • THORELL, T. 1870. On European spiders. Part 1. Nova Acta Regiae Societas Scientarium Upsaliensis, 7, 109–242.
  • THORELL, T. 1873. Remarks on synonyms of European spiders. Part IV. C. L. Lundström, Uppsala, pp. 375–645.
  • VILLERS, C. DE 1789. Caroli Linnaei entomologia, faunae Suecicae descriptionibus aucta. Lugduni, pp. 86–130.
  • WALCKENAER, C. A. 1802. Faune parisienne, insectes. Ou Histoire abrégée des insectes de environs de Paris, classes d'après le systême de Fabricius; précédée d'un discours sur les insects en général, pour servir d'introduction à l'étude de l'entomologie. Dentu, Paris, 2, 187–250.
  • WIEHLE, H. 1953. Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae) IX: Orthognatha – Cribellatae – Haplogynae – Entelegyne (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands, Teil. 42. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, viii + 150 pp.
  • WUNDERLICH, J. 1988. Die fossilen Spinnen im Dominikanischen Bernstein. Beitrge zur Araneologie, 2, 1–378.
  • WUNDERLICH, J. 2004a. Fossil pirate spiders (Araneae: Araneoidea: Mimetidae s. l.) in Baltic and Dominican amber, with notes on intrafamiliar higher taxa. In WUNDERLICH, J. (ed.). Beitrge zur Araneologie, 3, 1249–1278.
  • WUNDERLICH, J. 2004b. Fossil spiders (Araneae) in Early Tertiary amber from the Ukraine. In WUNDERLICH, J. (ed.). Beitrge zur Araneologie, 3, 1821–1829.
PalAss Go! URL: | Twitter: Share on Twitter | Facebook: Share on Facebook | Google+: Share on Google+