Skip to content Skip to navigation

Article: A giant lucinid bivalve from the Eocene of Jamaica-Systematics, life habits and chemosymbiosis (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Lucinidae)

Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 52
Part: 1
Publication Date: January 2009
Page(s): 95 109
Author(s): John D. Taylor and Emily A. Glover
Addition Information

How to Cite

TAYLOR, J. D., GLOVER, E. A. 2009. A giant lucinid bivalve from the Eocene of Jamaica-Systematics, life habits and chemosymbiosis (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Lucinidae). Palaeontology52, 1, 95–109.

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
Get Article: Wiley Online Library [Pay-to-View Access] |


  • ALLEN, J. A. 1958. On the basic form and adaptations to habitat in the Lucinacea (Eulamellibranchia). Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 241, 421–484.
  • BARNES, P. A. G. and HICKMAN, C. S. 1999. Lucinid bivalves and marine angiosperms: a search for causal relationships. 215–238. In WALKER, D. I. and WELLS, F. E. (eds). The seagrass flora and fauna of Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth, 421 pp.
  • BASEDOW, H. 1902. Descriptions of new species of fossil Mollusca from the Miocene limestone near Edithburg. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 26, 145–148.
  • BOSS, K. J. and TURNER, R. D. 1980. The giant white clam from the Galapagos Rift, Calyptogena magnifica species novum. Malacologia, 20, 161–194.
  • BOUCHET, P. and COSEL, R. von 2004. The world’s largest lucinid is an undescribed species from Taiwan (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Zoological Studies, 43, 704–711.
  • BRASIER, M. D. 1975. An outline history of seagrass communities. Palaeontology, 18, 681–702.
  • BRETSKY, S. S. 1976. Evolution and classification of the Lucinidae (Mollusca; Bivalvia). Palaeontographica Americana, 8 (50), 219–337.
  • CHAVAN, A. 19371938. Essai critique de classification des lucines. Journal de Conchyliologie, 81, 237–281; 82, 215–241.
  • CHAVAN, A. 1969. Superfamily Lucinacea Fleming, 1828. N491–N518. In MOORE, R. C. (ed.). Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part N, Mollusca 6, Bivalvia, (2). Geological Society of America, Boulder and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, 951 pp.
  • CHEMNITZ, J. H. 1784. Neues systematisches Conchylien-Cabinet. Volume 7. Bauer and Raspe, Nürnberg, 356 pp.
  • COSEL, R. von 2006. Taxonomy of West African bivalves VIII. Remarks on Lucinidae, with descriptions of five new genera and nine new species. Zoosystema, 28, 805–851.
  • Von COSEL, R. and OLU, K. 1998. Gigantism in Mytilidae. A new Bathymodiolus from cold seep areas on the Barbados accretionary prism. Compte Rendus Académie Science, Paris, Sciences de la Vie, 321, 655–663.
  • COSSMANN, M. and PEYROT, A. 19091912. Conchologie néogènique de l’Aquitaine. Actes de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux, 63, 1–718.
  • COSSMANN, M. and PISSARRO, G. 19041906. Iconographie complète des coquilles fossils de l’Éocène des environs de Paris. Volume 1 Pélécypodes , M. Pissarro, Paris, 45 pls.
  • COX, L. R. 1941. Lamellibranchs from the White Limestone of Jamaica. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London, 24, 135–144.
  • DALL, W. H. 1901a. A gigantic fossil Lucina. The Nautilus, 15, 40–42.
  • DALL, W. H. 1901b. Synopsis of the Lucinacea and of the American species. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, 23, 779–833.
  • DANDO, P. R., RIDGWAY, S. A. and SPIRO, B. 1994. Sulphide ‘mining’ by lucinid bivalve molluscs: demonstrated by stable sulphur isotope measurements and experimental models. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 107, 169–175.
  • DANDO, P. R., SOUTHWARD, A. J. and SOUTHWARD, E. C. 1986. Chemoautotrophic symbionts in the gills of the bivalve mollusc Lucinoma borealis and the sediment chemistry of its habitat. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 227, 227–247.
  • DESHAYES, G. P. 182437. Descriptions des coquilles fossiles des environs de Paris. 2 volumes, J. Tasu, Paris, 390 pp.
  • DESHAYES, G. P. 1843. Mollusques. Magazin de Zoologie, 1843, 1–2, pl. 82.
  • DESHAYES, G. P. 1857. Note sur une nouvelle Lucine, et description de l’espèce. Journal de Conchyliologie, 6, 104–107.
  • DHARMA, B. 2005. Recent and fossil Indonesia shells. Conch Books, Amsterdam, 424 pp.
  • DISTEL, D. L. 1998. Evolution of chemoautotrophic endosymbioses in bivalves. BioScience, 48, 277–286.
  • DUPLESSIS, M. R., DUFOUR, S. C., BLANKENSHIP, L. E., FELBECK, H. and YAYANOS, A. A. 2004. Anatomical and experimental evidence for particulate feeding in Lucinoma aequizonata and Parvilucina tenuisculpta (Bivalvia: Lucinidae) from the Santa Barbara Basin. Marine Biology, 145, 551–561.
  • EVA, A. N. 1980. Pre-Miocene seagrass communities in the Caribbean. Palaeontology, 23, 231–236.
  • EVA, A. N. and McFARLANE, N. 1985. Tertiary to Early Quaternary carbonate facies relationships in Jamaica. Fourth Latin American Geological Congress, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 1979, 1, 210–219.
  • FISCHER, P. H. 1887. Manuel de conchyliologie et de paléontologie conchyliologique. F. Savy, Paris, 1369 pp.
  • FISHER, C. R. 1990. Chemoautotrophic and methanotrophic symbioses in marine invertebrates. Reviews in Aquatic Sciences, 2, 399–436.
  • FISHER, M. R. and HAND, S. C. 1984. Chemautotrophic symbionts in the bivalve Lucina floridana from seagrass beds. Biological Bulletin, 167, 445–459.
  • FLEMING, J. 1828. A history of British animals, exhibiting the descriptive characters and systematical arrangement of the genera and species of quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, Mollusca and Radiata of the United Kingdom; including the indigenous, extirpated, and extinct kinds; together with periodical and occasional visitants. Bell & Bradfute, Edinburgh, 554 pp.
  • FRENKIEL, L. and MOUËZA, M. 1995. Gill ultrastructure and symbiotic bacteria in Codakia orbicularis (Bivalvia, Lucinidae). Zoomorphology, 115, 51–61.
  • FRENKIEL, L., GROS, O. and MOUËZA, M. 1996. Gill structure in Lucina pectinata (Bivalvia: Lucinidae) with reference to hemoglobin in bivalves with symbiotic sulphur-oxidising bacteria. Marine Biology, 125, 511–524.
  • GAILLARD, C., RIO, M. and ROLIN, Y. 1992. Fossil chemosynthetic communities related to vents or seeps in sedimentary basins: the pseudobioherms of southeastern France compared to other world examples. Palaios, 7, 451–465.
  • GARDNER, J. A. 1951. Two new guide fossils from the Tallahatta formation of the southeastern states. Washington Academy of Science Journal, 41, 8–12.
  • GLOVER, E. A. and TAYLOR, J. D. 2007. Diversity of chemosymbiotic bivalves on coral reefs: Lucinidae of New Caledonia and Lifou (Mollusca, Bivalvia). Zoosystema, 29, 109–181.
  • GLOVER, E. A., TAYLOR, J. D. and ROWDEN, A. A. 2004. Bathyaustriella thionipta, a new lucinid bivalve from a hydrothermal vent on the Kermadec Ridge, New Zealand and its relationship to shallow-water taxa (Bivalvia: Lucinidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 70, 283–295.
  • GLOVER, E. A., TAYLOR, J. D. and WILLIAMS, S. T. 2008. Mangrove-associated lucinid bivalves of the central Indo-West Pacific: review of the ‘Austriella’ group with a new genus and species (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Lucinidae). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 18, 26–40.
  • GMELIN, J. F. 1791. Caroli a Linne…Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis … Editio decima tertia, aucta, reformata. 3021–3910. G.E. Beer, Lipsiae (Leipzig).
  • GRAY, J. E. 1825. A list and descriptions of some species of shells not taken notice of by Lamarck. Annals of Philosophy (new series), 9, 134–140.
  • GRAY, J. E. 1847. A list of the genera of Recent Mollusca, their synonyma and types. Proceedings Zoological Society of London, 1847, 129–219.
  • GROS, O., LIBERGE, M. and FELBECK, H. 2003. Interspecific infection of aposymbiotic juveniles of Codakia orbicularis by various tropical lucinid gill-endosymbionts. Marine Biology, 142, 57–66.
  • HINES, M. E. and LYONS, W. B. 1982. Biogeochemistry of nearshore Bermuda sediments. Sulphate reduction rates and nutrient generation. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 8, 87–99.
  • HOLMES, A. M., OLIVER, P. G. and SELLANES, J. 2005. A new species of Lucinoma (Bivalvia: Lucinoidea) from a methane gas seep off the southwest coast of Chile. Journal of Conchology, 38, 673–682.
  • HOSE, H. R. and VERSEY, H. R. 1957. Palaeontological and lithological divisions of the lower Tertiary divisions of Jamaica. Colonial Geology and Mineral Resources, 6 (for 1956), 19–39.
  • ICZN 1977. Opinion 1095 – Designation under the plenary powers of Venus pensylvanica Linnaeus, 1758, as type species of Lucina Bruguière, 1797 (Mollusca, Bivalvia). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 34, 150–154.
  • IREDALE, T. 1937. Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, South Pacific Ocean. Mollusca. Australian Zoologist, 8, 232–261.
  • IVANY, L. C., PORTELL, R. W. and JONES, D. S. 1990. Animal-plant relationships and paleobiogeography of an Eocene seagrass community from Florida. Palaios, 5, 244–258.
  • JACKSON, J. B. C. 1972. The ecology of molluscs of Thalassia communities, Jamaica, West Indies. II. Molluscan population variability along an environmental stress gradient. Marine Biology, 14, 304–337.
  • JAMES, N. P. and BONE, Y. 2007. A late Pliocene–early Pleistocene, inner-shelf, subtropical, seagrass-dominated carbonate: Roe Calcarenite, Great Australian Bight, Western Australia. Palaios, 22, 343–359.
  • JOHNSON, M., FERNANDEZ, A. C. and PERGENT, G. 2002. The ecological importance of an invertebrate chemoautotrophic symbiosis to phanerogam seagrass beds. Bulletin of Marine Science, 71, 1343–1351.
  • JUNG, P. 1972. Mollusks from the White Limestone Group of Jamaica. Transactions of of the 6th Caribbean Geological Conference, Isla de Margarita, Venezuela, 465–468.
  • JUNG, P. 1974. Eocene Mollusks from Curacao, West Indies. Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel, 84, 483–500.
  • JUNG, P. 1976. The Eocene genus Sawkinsia (Bivalvia: Tridacnidae). Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 69, 743–751.
  • KASE, T. and AGUILAR, Y. M. 2007. Bulacanites obtusiplicatus gen and sp. nov., a large lucinid bivalve (Mollusca) from the Pliocene of Central Luzon, Philippines. Memoirs of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, 44, 175–183. [dated 2006]
  • KASE, T., KURIHARA, Y. and HAGINO, K. 2007. Middle Miocene chemosymbiotic thraciid Nipponothracia gigantea (Shikama, 1968) from central Japan is a large lucinid bivalve (Lucinoidea: Mollusca). The Veliger, 49, 294–302.
  • KELLY, S. R. A., BLANC, E., PRICE, S. P. and WHITHAM, A. G. 2000. Early Cretaceous giant bivalves from seep-related limestone mounds, Wollaston Forland, Northeast Greenland In HARPER, E. M., TAYLOR, J. D. and CRAME, J. A. (eds). The evolutionary biology of the Bivalvia. Geological Society of London Special Publication, 177, 227–246.
  • KENNISH, M. J. and LUTZ, R. A. 1992. The hydrothermal vent clam, Calyptogena magnifica (Boss and Turner, 1980): a review of existing literature. Reviews in Aquatic Sciences, 6, 29–66.
  • KIEL, S. and PECKMANN, J. 2007. Chemosymbiotic bivalves and stable carbon isotopes indicate hydrocarbon seepage at four unusual Cenozoic fossil localities. Lethaia, 40, 345–357.
  • LEBATA, J. H. L. and PRIMAVERA, J. H. 2001. Gill structure, anatomy and habitat of Anodontia edentula: evidence of endosymbiosis. Journal of Shellfish Research, 20, 1273–1278.
  • LEMOINE, M., ARNAUD-VANNAU, A., ARNAUD, H., LÉTOLLE, R., MEVEL, C. and THIEULOY, J.-P. 1982. Indices possibles de paléo-hydrothermalisme marin dans le Jurassique et le Crétacé des Alpes occidentals (Océan Téthysien et sa marge continentale européene): essai inventaire. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 24, 641–647.
  • LILJEDAHL, L. 1991. Contrasting feeding strategies in bivalves from the Silurian of Gotland. Palaeontology, 34, 219–235.
  • LINNAEUS, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Tomus 1, 10th ed. L. Salvii, Stockholm, 842 pp.
  • LUDBROOK, N. H. 1978. Quaternary molluscs of the western part of the Eucla Basin. Geological Survey of Western Australia Bulletin, 125, 1–286.
  • MARTIN, K. 1883. Nachtrge zu den ‘Tertirschicten auf Java’ Erster Nachtrag: Mollusken. Sammulungen des Geologischen Reichs-Museums in Leiden I st series, 1, 194–265.
  • MATSUMOTO, E. 1971. Oligocene molluscs of the Setogawa Group in Central Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, 14, 661–669.
  • MITCHELL, S. F. 2004. Lithostratigraphy and palaeogeography of the White Limestone Group. Cainozoic Research, 3, 5–29.
  • NEUMAYR, M. 1884. Zur morphologie des Bivalvenschlosses. Kaiserlich Akademie der Wissenschaft (Berlin), Sitzungsberichte, 88, 385–419.
  • OHNO, T., KATOH, T. and YAMASU, T. 1995. The origin of algal-bivalve photo-symbiosis. Palaeontology, 38, 1–21.
  • OLIVER, P. G. and KILLEEN, I. J. 2002. The Thyasiridae (Mollusca: Bivalvia) of the British Continental Shelf and North Sea Oil fields. Studies in Marine Biodiversity and Systematics from the National Museum of Wales, BIOMOR Reports, 3, 73 pp.
  • OLSSON, A. A. 1931. Contributions to the Tertiary paleontology of northern Peru: Part 4, the Peruvian Oligocene. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 17, 99–264.
  • OTT, J., BRIGHT, M. and BULGHERESI, S. 2004. Symbioses between marine nematodes and sulfur-oxidising bacteria. Symbiosis, 36, 103–126.
  • PALMER, K. V. W. and BRANN, D. C. 1965. Catalogue of the Paleocene and Eocene Mollusca of the southern and eastern United States. Part 1. Pelecypoda, Amphineura, Pteropoda, Scaphopoda, and Cephalopoda. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 48, 1–443.
  • PAYNE, C. M. and ALLEN, J. A. 1991. The morphology of deep-sea Thyasiridae (Mollusca: Bivalvia) from the Atlantic Ocean. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B, 334, 481–566.
  • PICTET, F. J. and CAMPICHE, G. 1864. Description des fossiles du terrain crétacé des environs de Sainte-Croix. Matériaux pour la paléontologie Suisse, série 4, Bâle and Lyon, Geneva, 558 pp.
  • POLLARD, P. C. and MORIARTY, D. J. W. 1991. Organic carbon decomposition, primary and bacterial productivity, and sulphate reduction, in tropical seagrass beds of the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 69, 149–159.
  • REID, R. G. B. 1990. Evolutionary implications of sulphide-oxidising symbioses in bivalves. 127–140. In MORTON, B. (ed.). The Bivalvia-Proceedings of a Memorial Symposium in Honour of Sir Charles Maurice Yonge, Edinburgh, 1986. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, 355 pp.
  • RICHARD, G. 1977. Quantitative balance and production of Tridacna maxima in the Takapoto lagoon. Proceedings of the Third International Coral Reef Symposium, Miami, 599.
  • RICHARD, G. 1982. Bilan quantitatif et premières données de production de Cardium fragum (Mollusca, Bivalvia) dans le lagon de Anaa. Malacologia, 22, 347–352.
  • RICHARDS, H. G. and PALMER, K. V. W. 1953. Eocene Mollusks from Citrus and Levy Counties, Florida. Florida Geological Survey Geological Bulletin, 35, 1–95.
  • SACCO, F. 1901. I molluschi de terreni terziarii de Pimonte e della Liguria. Part 29 Carlo Clausen, Torino. 159 pp., 29 pls.
  • SALAS, C. and WOODSIDE, J. 2002. Lucinoma kazani n. sp. (Mollusca: Bivalvia): evidence of a living benthic community associated with a cold seep in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Deep Sea Research Part 1, 49, 991–1005.
  • SALVAT, B. 1972. La faune benthique du lagon de l’atoll de Reao (Tuamotu, Polynésie). Cahiers du Pacifique, 16, 31–109.
  • SAUL, L. R., SQUIRES, R. L. and GODERT, J. E. 1996. A new genus of cryptic lucinid bivalve from Eocene cold seeps and turbidite influenced mudstone, Western Washington. Journal of Paleontology, 70, 788–794.
  • SCHNEIDER, J. A. 1998. Phylogeny of the Cardiidae (Bivalvia): phylogenetic relationships and morphological evolution within the subfamilies Clinocardiinaae, Lymnocardiinae, Fraginae and Tridacninae. Malacologia, 40, 321–373.
  • SCHNEIDER, J. A. 2002. Phylogeny of cardiid bivalves (cockles and giant clams): revision of the Cardiinae and the importance of fossils in explaining disjunct biogeographical distributions. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 136, 321–369.
  • SHIKAMA, T. 1968. On a giant Thracidora from the Hayama Group, Miura Peninsula. Science Reports of the Yokohama National University, section 2, 14, 13–16.
  • STANLEY, S. M. 1970. Relation of shell form to life habits of the Bivalvia (Mollusca). Geological Society of America Memoir, 125, 1–296.
  • STEWART, F. J., NEWTON, I. L. G. and CAVANAUGH, C. M. 2005. Chemosymbiotic endosymbioses: adaptations to oxic-anoxic interfaces. Trends in Microbiology, 13, 439–448.
  • TAYLOR, J. D. and GLOVER, E. A. 2000. Functional anatomy, chemosymbiosis and evolution of the Lucinidae. In HARPER, E. M., TAYLOR, J. D. and CRAME, J. A. (eds). The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia. Geological Society of London Special Publication, 177, 207–225.
  • TAYLOR, J. D. and GLOVER, E. A. 2005. Cryptic diversity of chemosymbiotic bivalves: a systematic revision of worldwide Anodontia (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Lucinidae). Systematics and Biodiversity, 3, 281–338.
  • TAYLOR, J. D. and GLOVER, E. A. 2006. Lucinidae (Bivalvia) – the most diverse group of chemosymbiotic molluscs. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 148, 421–438.
  • TAYLOR, J. D., GLOVER, E. A. and WILLIAMS, S. T. in press. Ancient chemosymbiotic bivalves: systematics of Solemyidae of eastern and southern Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum.
  • TAYLOR, J. D. and LEWIS, M. S. 1970. The flora, fauna and sediments of the marine grass beds of Mahé, Seychelles. Journal of Natural History, 4, 199–220.
  • VOKES, H. E. 1983. On the occurrence of Miltha (Eomiltha) megameris (Dall) in the Dominican Republic. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, 17, 135–138.
  • WILLIAMS, S. T., TAYLOR, J. D. and GLOVER, E. A. 2004. Molecular phylogeny of the Lucinoidea (Bivalvia): non-monophyly and separate acquisition of bacterial chemosymbiosis. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 70, 187–202.
  • WOODRING, W. P. 1982. Geology and paleontology of Canal Zone and adjoining parts of Panama. Description of Tertiary mollusks (Pelecypods: Propeamussiidae to Cuspidariidae; additions to families covered in P306-E; additions to gastropods; cephalopods). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 306-F, 541–759.
  • WOODRING, W. P. and MANSFIELD, W. C. 1924. Some new middle Eocene and lower Miocene Mollusks. In WOODRING, W. P., BROWN, J. S. and BURBANK, W. B. S. (eds). Geology of the Republic of Haiti. Geological Survey Republic of Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Appendix 2, 611–613, pls 10, 16.
  • YOKOYAMA, M. 1928. Mollusca from the oil-field of the island of Taiwan. Report Imperial Geological Survey of Japan, 101, 1–112.
PalAss Go! URL: | Twitter: Share on Twitter | Facebook: Share on Facebook | Google+: Share on Google+