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Article: Palaeobiogeography and evolutionary patterns of the larger foraminifer Borelis de Montfort (Borelidae)

Papers in Palaeontology - Volume 7 Issue 1 - Cover
Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 7
Part: 1
Publication Date: Febuary 2021
Page(s): 377 403
Author(s): Davide Bassi, Juan C. Braga, Giovanni Di Domenico, Johannes Pignatti, Sigal Abramovich, Pamela Hallock, Janine Könen, Zoltan Kovács, Martin R. Langer, Giulio Pavia, and Yasufumi Iryu
DOI: 10.1002/spp2.1273
Addition Information

How to Cite

BASSI, D., BRAGA, J.C., DOMENICO, G.D., PIGNATTI, J., ABRAMOVICH, S., HALLOCK, P., KöNEN, J., KOVáCS, Z., LANGER, M.R., PAVIA, G., IRYU, Y. 2021. . Papers in Palaeontology, 7, 1, 377-403. DOI: /doi/10.1002/spp2.1273

Author Information

  • Davide Bassi - Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra Università degli Studi di Ferrara via Saragat 1 44122 Ferrara Italy
  • Juan C. Braga - Departamento de Estratigrafía y Paleontología Universidad de Granada Campus Fuentenueva s/n 18002 Granada Spain
  • Giovanni Di Domenico - Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra Università degli Studi di Ferrara via Saragat 1 44122 Ferrara Italy
  • Johannes Pignatti - Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra Università ‘La Sapienza’ P.le A. Moro 5 00185 Rome Italy
  • Sigal Abramovich - Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences Ben Gurion University of the Negev Beer Sheva, P.O.B 653 Beer Sheva 84105 Israel
  • Pamela Hallock - College of Marine Science University of South Florida 140 7th Avenue South St. Petersburg FL 33701 USA
  • Janine Könen - Institut für Geowissenschaften Paläontologie Universität Bonn Nussallee 8 D‐53115 Bonn Germany
  • Zoltan Kovács - Department of Palaeontology Eötvös University Pázmány sétány 1/C 1117 Budapest Hungary
  • Martin R. Langer - Institut für Geowissenschaften Paläontologie Universität Bonn Nussallee 8 D‐53115 Bonn Germany
  • Giulio Pavia - Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra Università di Torino via Valperga Caluso 35 10125 Torino Italy
  • Yasufumi Iryu - Institute of Geology and Paleontology Graduate School of Science Tohoku University Aobayama, Sendai 980‐8578 Japan

Publication History

  • Issue published online: 08 March 2021
  • Manuscript Accepted: 10 January 2019
  • Manuscript Received: 26 July 2018

Funded By

Università degli Studi di Ferrara. Grant Numbers: FIR2018, FIR2016
NOAA‐NURC. Grant Number: 9595, 9609, 9703.66, 9922, 2004‐19B
Project MIUR Dipartimenti di Eccellenza. Grant Number: 2018‐2022
German Science Foundation DFG. Grant Numbers: LA 884/10-1, LA 884/13-1, LA 884/14-1
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Gulf Ecology Division. Grant Number: X7‐96465607‐0
USEPA‐ORD STAR. Grant Number: GAD‐R825869
National Sea Grant – Environmental Marine Biotechnology. Grant Number: NA86RG0052, Am.7.1

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
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The palaeobiogeography of the alveolinoid Borelis species reveals the evolutionary patterns leading to the two extant representatives, which occur in shallow‐water tropical carbonate, coral reef‐related settings. Type material and new material of fossil Borelis species, along with Recent specimens were studied to assess their taxonomic status, species circumscriptions (based on proloculus size, occurrence of Y‐shaped septula, and the index of elongation), palaeobiogeography and evolutionary dynamics. The species dealt with here are known from exclusively fossil (B. pygmaeaB. inflataB. philippinensisB. meloB. curdica), and from fossil and modern (B. pulchraB. schlumbergeri) specimens. For the first time, fossil and Recent Borelis specimens are illustrated via micro‐computed tomography scanning images. Depending on the occurrence of Y‐shaped septula, two lineages are distinguished. Deriving from the middle–upper Eocene Borelis vonderschmitti, the first lineage includes B. inflataB. pulchra and B. pygmaea, lacking Y‐shaped septula. The first species bearing Y‐shaped septula is the Rupelian B. philippinensis of the western Indo‐Pacific. The westward migrants of B. philippinensis into the Mediterranean gave rise to B. melo (Aquitanian–Messinian) and B. curdica (Burdigalian–Tortonian). These two species became isolated from the Indo‐Pacific by the Langhian eastern closure of the Mediterranean basin and disappeared during the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Since the Tortonian, B. schlumbergeri, which descended from B. philippinensis, has inhabited the Indo‐Pacific along with B. pulchra. From the central Pacific Ocean, B. pulchra reached the Caribbean area before the early Piacenzian closure of the Central America seaway.

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