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Article: Relationships of the Indian phytosaur Parasuchus hislopi Lydekker, 1885

Papers in Palaeontology - Cover Image - Volume 2 Part 1
Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 2
Part: 1
Publication Date: Febuary 2016
Page(s): 1 23
Author(s): Christian F. Kammerer, Richard J. Butler, Saswati Bandyopadhyay, and Michelle R. Stocker
DOI: 10.1002/spp2.1022
Addition Information

How to Cite

KAMMERER, C.F., BUTLER, R.J., BANDYOPADHYAY, S., STOCKER, M.R. 2016. Relationships of the Indian phytosaur Parasuchus hislopi Lydekker, 1885. Papers in Palaeontology, 2, 1, 1-23. DOI: 10.1002/spp2.1022

Author Information

  • Christian F. Kammerer - Museum für Naturkunde Berlin Germany (Email: christian.kammerer@mfn-berlin.de)
  • Richard J. Butler - University of Birmingham School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences Birmingham UK (Email: r.butler.1@bham.ac.uk)
  • Saswati Bandyopadhyay - Indian Statistical Institute Geological Studies Unit Kolkata West Bengal India (Email: saswati@isical.ac.in)
  • Michelle R. Stocker - Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Department of Geosciences Blacksburg VA USA (Email: stockerm@vt.edu)

Publication History

  • Issue published online: 13 February 2016
  • Article first published online: 01 January 1970
  • Manuscript Accepted: 10 June 2015
  • Manuscript Received: 28 April 2015

Funded By

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. Grant Numbers: KA 4133/1‐1, BU 2587/3‐1
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
American Museum of Natural History
Marie Curie Career Integration Grant. Grant Number: PCIG14‐GA‐2013‐630123 ARCHOSAUR RISE
Jackson School of Geosciences
The University of Texas at Austin

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
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Abstract

The neotype skull of the Indian phytosaur Parasuchus hislopi Lydekker, 1885 (ISI R42) is re‐evaluated and compared with the type material of other basal phytosaurs. Parasuchus hislopi is extremely similar to species previously placed in Paleorhinus (Pbransoni and Pangustifrons), sharing with them such characters as a series of nodes on the lateral surface of the jugal, paired ridges on the squamosal and a frontal depression. Parasuchus hislopi represents a valid species: it can be distinguished from Pbransoni by a relatively low narial eminence and Pangustifrons by the absence of paired nasal depressions. Inclusion of Parasuchus hislopi in a phylogenetic analysis of phytosaurs recovers it in a well‐supported clade with Pbransoni and Pangustifrons. Parasuchus is considered the senior synonym of Paleorhinus and Arganarhinus. Parasuchus (here considered to include Phislopi, Pangustifrons, Pbransoni and Pmagnoculus) has a broad circum‐Pangaean distribution, with species occurring in the south‐western United States, Morocco, central Europe and India. Phytosaur higher‐level taxonomy is also revised: Parasuchidae is redefined to include ‘Paleorhinus‐grade’ phytosaurs and the later‐diverging Mystriosuchinae (the group formerly known as Phytosauridae), and Pseudopalatinae is renamed Mystriosuchini for reason of priority.

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