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Article: Dryopithecine palaeobiodiversity in the Iberian Miocene revisited on the basis of molar endostructural morphology

Palaeontology - Vol. 64 Part 2 - Cover Image
Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 64
Part: 4
Publication Date: July 2021
Page(s): 531 554
Author(s): Josep Fortuny, Clément Zanolli, Federico Bernardini, Claudio Tuniz, and David M. Alba
Addition Information

How to Cite

FORTUNY, J., ZANOLLI, C., BERNARDINI, F., TUNIZ, C., ALBA, D.M. 2021. . Palaeontology, 64, 4, 531-554. DOI: /doi/10.1111/pala.12540

Author Information

  • Josep Fortuny - Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Edifici ICTA-ICP c/ Columnes s/n, Campus de la UAB 08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • Clément Zanolli - Université de Bordeaux CNRS, MCC, PACEA, UMR 5199 33600 Pessac France
  • Federico Bernardini - Department of Humanistic Studies Università Ca'Foscari Venezia Italy
  • Federico Bernardini - Multidisciplinary Laboratory ‘Abdus Salam’ International Centre for Theoretical Physics Via Beirut 31 34151 Trieste Italy
  • Claudio Tuniz - Department of Humanistic Studies Università Ca'Foscari Venezia Italy
  • Claudio Tuniz - Multidisciplinary Laboratory ‘Abdus Salam’ International Centre for Theoretical Physics Via Beirut 31 34151 Trieste Italy
  • Claudio Tuniz - Center for Archaeological Science University of Wollongong Northfields Ave Wollongong NSW 2522 Australia
  • David M. Alba - Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Edifici ICTA-ICP c/ Columnes s/n, Campus de la UAB 08193 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain

Publication History

  • Issue published online: 09 June 2021
  • Manuscript Accepted: 02 March 2021
  • Manuscript Received: 01 June 2020

Funded By

Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación–European Regional Development Fund of the European Union. Grant Numbers: CGL2016-76431-P, CGL2017-82654-P, AEI/FEDER-UE
Generalitat de Catalunya. Grant Numbers: 2017 SGR 086, 2017 SGR 116
French CNRS
Centro Fermi

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
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Abstract

Extensive fieldwork at Abocador de Can Mata (north-east Iberian Peninsula) has uncovered a previously unsuspected diversity of catarrhine primates in the middle Miocene (12.5–11.6 Ma) of Europe. However, the distinction of the great ape genera Pierolapithecus and Anoiapithecus from Dryopithecus (supported by craniodental differences) has been disputed by some authors. Here we revisit the diversity of great apes (dryopithecines) from the Iberian Miocene based on molar 3D endostructural morphology (relative enamel thickness, enamel distribution, and enamel–dentine junction (EDJ)). Using microtomography, we inspected an extensive sample of 49 hominoid molars representing at least five species from 12 localities. 2D and 3D relative enamel thickness values indicate that Dryopithecus and ‘Sivapithecusoccidentalis (species inquirenda) display the thinnest and thickest enamel, respectively, while the remaining taxa (Hispanopithecus, Anoiapithecus, Pierolapithecus) show intermediate values. Upper molar enamel distribution maps exhibit a similar pattern in P. catalaunicus, A. brevirostris, D. fontani, H. laietanus and H. crusafonti whereas for the lower molars they reveal differences between H. laietanus and H. crusafonti. Lower molar enamel distribution and EDJ morphology of ‘S.’ occidentalis support the distinction of this species but do not resolve whether it is a junior synonym of Anoiapithecus brevirostris or Pierolapithecus catalaunicus. Overall our results support the distinction of middle Miocene dryopithecins from late Miocene hispanopithecins, the distinction of Pierolapithecus and Anoiapithecus from Dryopithecus among the former, and the distinct species status of H. crusafonti compared to H. laietanus among the latter. Our results highlight the potential of inner tooth morphology for hominoid alpha-taxonomy.

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