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Article: The radula of the Late Cretaceous scaphitid ammonite Rhaeboceras halli(Meek and Hayden, 1856

Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 56
Part: 1
Publication Date: January 2013
Page(s): 9 14
Author(s): Isabelle Kruta, Neil Landman, Isabelle Rouget, Frabrizio Cecca and Paul Tafforeau
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KRUTA, I., LANDMAN, N., ROUGET, I., CECCA, F., TAFFOREAU, P. 2013. The radula of the Late Cretaceous scaphitid ammonite Rhaeboceras halli(Meek and Hayden, 1856. Palaeontology56, 1, 9–14.

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Radular teeth occur between the jaws in two specimens of the Late Cretaceous scaphitid ammonite Rhaeboceras halli (Meek and Hayden, 1856) from the Western Interior of the United States. The detailed morphology of the teeth has been revealed by propagation phase contrast X-ray synchrotron microtomography. Each row of the radula of R. halli consists of a total of seven teeth (a central rachidian, two pairs of lateral and one pair of marginal teeth), as in other known ammonoid radulae, although the central tooth could not be confirmed in the specimens examined. The lateral teeth are multicuspid and robust, and the marginal teeth are long (4.6 mm) and slender. In overall morphology, the heterodont and ctenoglossan radula of R. halli is similar that of Jurassic and Cretaceous ammonites with the same aptychus-type lower jaw, that is, the Aptychophora. This discovery reveals the range of variation in radular morphology, which could be related to ecological or phylogenetic factors. It also invalidates the hypothesis that the hook-like structures in R. hallipreviously described are radular elements.
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