Article: Late Eocene and early Oligocene teleost and associated ichthyofauna of the Jebel Qatrani Formation, Fayum, Egypt
Fishes from the late Eocene and Oligocene Jebel Qatrani Formation of the Fayum, Egypt, have been collected for many years, but have not been extensively studied. Collections from various sites in the formation, predominantly representing riverine and shallow lake deposits, include remains of several fishes not known previously. The teleost fishes from these collections [representing Characiformes, Siluriformes, Cichlidae, Latidae (= Centropomidae), and Channidae] include species that are similar to those found in the older, underlying, Qasr el Sagha Formation (catfishes), as well as species of fishes previously unrecorded from the Fayum (cichlids and latids), or even from the Tertiary of Africa (channids). It has been suggested that the Jebel Qatrani Formation represents an area of swampy rivers with overgrown banks and floating vegetation and at least one small lake. The fish remains support this reconstruction of the palaeoenvironment, and further indicate that open riverine habitat was also probably available.