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Article: Anisian (Middle Triassic) ammonoids from British Columbia (Canada): biochronological and palaeobiogeographical implications

Papers in Palaeontology - Volume 4 Part 4 - Cover
Publication: Palaeontology
Volume: 4
Part: 4
Publication Date: November 2018
Page(s): 623 642
Author(s): Cheng Ji, and Hugo Bucher
DOI: 10.1002/spp2.1222
Addition Information

How to Cite

JI, C., BUCHER, H. 2018. Anisian (Middle Triassic) ammonoids from British Columbia (Canada): biochronological and palaeobiogeographical implications. Papers in Palaeontology, 4, 4, 623-642. DOI: /doi/10.1002/spp2.1222

Author Information

  • Cheng Ji - CAS Key Laboratory of Economic Stratigraphy & Palaeogeography, Nanjing Institute of Geology & Palaeontology & Center for Excellence in Life & Paleoenvironment Chinese Academy of Sciences Nanjing 210008 China
  • Hugo Bucher - Paläontologisches Institut und Museum Universität Zürich Karl Schmid‐Strasse 4 Zürich 8006 Switzerland

Publication History

  • Issue published online: 03 November 2018
  • Manuscript Accepted: 14 March 2018
  • Manuscript Received: 01 October 2017

Funded By

National Natural Science Foundation of China. Grant Numbers: 41402014, 41372016, J1210006
Swiss NSF. Grant Numbers: 30667, 160055

Online Version Hosted By

Wiley Online Library
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Abstract

New Anisian (Middle Triassic) ammonoids are reported from British Columbia (BC), Canada. Eight species are reported, including one new genus and two new species: Eofrechites roopnarini gen. et sp. nov. and Parafrechites cordeyi sp. nov. New ammonoid subzones are recognized, leading to improved correlation between BC and Nevada: the Hollandites minor Zone is correlated with the interval intercalated between the Unionvillites hadleyi Subzone and the Pseudodanubites nicholsi Subzone; an Eogymnotoceras thompsoniAnagymnotoceras spivaki Zone is recognized in BC and correlated with the interval intercalated between the Augustaceras escheri and Anagymnotoceras spivaki subzones; Gymnotoceras weitschati is found in BC for the first time and co‐occurs with Eogymnotoceras deleeni, suggesting either a rough correlation with the sum of G. weitschati, G. mimetus and G. rotelliformis zones of Nevada or a strong diachronism of G. weitschati and G. rotelliformis along the Palaeopacific margin of North America. The rare occurrences of low‐palaeolatitude restricted species in the mid‐palaeolatitude record indicate that exchanges were more frequent than previously documented during the Anisian. Despite a preservation bias in north‐eastern BC due to the lower carbonate content, it clearly emerges that the enhanced sampling effort leads to maximal association zones with duration of the same order of magnitude as those of Nevada, indicating that evolutionary turnover rates of ammonoids did not decrease toward higher latitude. Therefore, the common view that geographically differentiated evolutionary rates originates from the latitudinal gradient of taxonomic richness does not hold for Anisian ammonoid faunas along the Palaeopacific margin of North America.

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